Stating that it is possible to cope with uterine pain cancer with early diagnosis and correct treatment planning, Op. Dr. Nadide Korkut said that the most important cause of the disease is sexually transmitted HPV, that is, human papilloma virus.
The disease is caused by the spread of abnormal cells caused by HPV. However, it can take many years for these abnormal cells to turn into cancer. HPV is an extremely common, contagious, and sometimes asymptomatic, sexually transmitted virus. There are more than 100 types of HPV, which is very easy to spread because it shows no symptoms, and not all of them are carcinogenic.
Stating that 8 out of every 10 women have encountered this virus until the age of 50, Dr. Korkut states that the body can defeat these viruses with its strong immune system, but sometimes carcinogenic viruses form abnormal cells in the cervix; years later, she said she could develop cervical cancer. Emphasizing that some HPV types can cause genital warts, Korkut said: “The treatment for these is surgically removing the wart, cauterizing (burning), cryo (freezing) and drug planning. Genital warts can cause serious psychological destruction in women. Particularly contagious; The fact that it can be repeated after the treatment and that the treatment is a painful and time-consuming process can cause serious psychological problems in women.”
PERSONAL CLEANING AND HYGIENE IS IMPORTANT
HPV 90% sexually; 10% can be transmitted by hand contact, toilet and personal hygiene materials. Having more than one partner increases the risk of HPV infection. HPV; Apart from sexuality, it can also be passed on to the baby during birth, and therefore, cesarean section may be required in these pregnancies. Because some HPV viruses can cause pharyngeal (throat) cancer in children in the following years. Since the virus can live for 72 hours, it can also pass from the hands of babysitters to babies.
GYNECOLOGICAL EXAMINATION AND SMEAR TEST SAVE LIVES
Emphasizing that HPV is likely to enter the body 2 months or 10 years ago, having sexual intercourse once shows the possibility of developing this cancer. Korkut said, “So the virus caught from a relationship years ago; 10 years later, it may appear as cervical cancer. Most of the time it gives no symptoms. Therefore, regular gynecological examination and smear test are recommended. Because papsmear ensures that the early damage of HPV to the cells is understood and the patient is kept under control. In addition, now with the PRC technique; It is also possible to detect HPV types that are carcinogenic,” he said.
‘WOMEN AND MEN UP TO THE AGE OF 45 MUST BE vaccinated’
Saying that vaccination against HPV is one of the most important ways to protect against cervical cancer, Op. Dr. Nadide Korkut said, “The vaccine should be administered to all young girls before sexual intercourse and, if possible, to all women and men up to the age of 45. Because HPV causes some types of cancer in men and causes HPV transmission by carrier.