Which viruses and bacteria cause what type of cancer?
It is known by everyone that many factors such as radiation, ultraviolet sun rays, smoking, foods containing carcinogenic substances, air pollution, heavy metals cause cancer; what about bacteria and viruses are also in the risk group? Saying that some bacteria and viruses pose a risk, Anadolu Health Center Infectious Diseases Specialist Dr. Elif Hakko said, “Viruses that can stay in the human body for many years and cause changes in cells can cause cancer, but this does not mean that viruses will necessarily cause cancer.”
A large part of the society knows that in order to prevent cancer, it is necessary to change the lifestyle and avoid effects such as hormonal foods, harmful sun rays and cigarettes. Some bacteria and viruses can cause cancer, which can occur due to many reasons such as genetic inheritance and changing living conditions. Uz, who said that infection-related cancers are seen much more in developing countries than in developed countries. Dr. Elif Hakko, “Viruses that can stay in the human body for many years and cause changes in human cells can cause cancer. The course of diseases caused by viruses or bacteria is different for each person, and while it may cause a simple infection in some people, it can cause cancer in some people.
Each virus acts differently.
Saying that the main microorganisms known to cause cancer are Ebstein Barr Virus (EBV), Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), Hepatitis viruses and Helicobacter pylori bacteria that cause stomach ulcers. Hakko stated that EBV virus is among the causes of pharyngeal cancer. Dr. Hakko stated that 80-90 percent of the population may encounter this virus at some point in their lives, and that the virus causes a febrile illness known as ‘kissing disease’, especially in adolescents, and this disease, which usually has a good course, can recover without treatment.
Stating that Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), which may occur as cervical cancer, causes more genital warts, Dr. Hakko said, “One out of every two sexually active women will definitely encounter this virus in their lifetime.” Explaining that this virus can also be found in anus and penile cancers, Dr. Hakko stated that HPV causes tracheal cancers.
Saying that hepatitis viruses can cause jaundice, cirrhosis, that is, liver failure, Dr. Hakko emphasized that chronic hepatitis will cause liver cancer. Stating that Helicobacter pylori bacteria, which is the cause of stomach ulcers, is a disease that can usually be healed with good treatment, Dr. “Stomach cancer is more common in people living with Helicobacter infection for many years,” Hakko said.
Healthy life provides body resistance
Stating that hepatitis B and HPV vaccines are effective to protect against cancer cases that can be caused by viruses and bacteria, Dr. Hakko said that hepatitis B vaccine is given in babies in the first month, but adults can also be vaccinated at some point in their lives, depending on their immune status. Explaining that the HPV vaccine is recommended for girls who have not had their first sexual experience, Dr. Hakko said, “Even if they have had sexual intercourse before, this vaccine can be administered to all women under the age of 50 in order to have a protective effect in terms of HPVs they will encounter in the future.”
Emphasizing the need to make conditions such as healthy living, proper nutrition, avoiding stress and smoking a part of life, Dr. Hakko stated that regular life strengthens the immune system and therefore reduces the risk of cancer.