Which moles are at risk of cancer?

skin blemish cancerMoles, some of which are congenital and some are seen as spots on the body, increase with the harmful effects of sun rays. Although most of the moles, large and small, seen in almost everyone, are harmless, some need to be treated early as they may carry a risk of skin cancer. Which types of moles are in the risk group? What are the methods of protection? Dermatology Specialist Dr. Bahar Öznur talked about the effects on moles and skin cancer.

Which moles are dangerous

  • If the I structure is asymmetrical,
  • If there is irregularity around the mole,
  • If I have different colors such as light or dark brown, black, blue, white and red,
  • If the mole is larger than 5 mm in diameter,
  • If there is a change in the surface, size and shape of an existing mole,
  • If bleeding or itching has started on the mole,
  • Especially if there are moles on the palms and soles, and brown discoloration on the edge of the nail or on the nail, these can be a sign of malignant melanoma. In this case, without wasting time, you must dermatology Consulting a specialist is vital.

When are misshapen moles a sign of skin cancer?

The type of cancer known as “Malignant Melanoma” is increasing rapidly

One of the fastest growing cancer types in the world Malignant Melanoma While it was observed that 70% of the lesions developed on the skin, 30% of them were found to occur on moles. When this type of cancer spreads to the regional lymph nodes and then to the whole body, the chances of cure are significantly reduced. When the cancerous cell is observed in the regional lymph nodes, it is possible to treat it effectively if it is diagnosed at an early stage. It is very important for people with multiple moles to undergo an annual dermatological examination. In case of detection of a lesion with a different appearance, fast growing and pigmentation, it should be taken under the supervision of a doctor without delay.

What is melanoma? Symptoms and treatment of skin cancer melanoma

Childhood sunburns can lead to ‘Malignant Melanoma’

Skin cancers are divided into melanoma and non-melanoma. Malignant Melanoma, which develops from cells called melanocytes that give the skin its color, is the most serious of the skin cancers. This type of cancer, which is seen at a rate of 4%, is important because it causes fatal results. Although the results of Malignant Melanoma, which has doubled in recent years, have not been fully disclosed in the studies, damage to the ozone layer, more exposure to sunlight, and childhood sunburns are among the most important risk factors.

Who is at risk for skin cancer?

People with fair skin, light-colored eyes, red-blonde hair or skin type that can easily develop sunburn, people who have been exposed to intense sunlight for a long time or intermittently, people with a family history of Malignant Melanoma, Individuals with dysplastic m-nevus syndrome skin cancer probability of occurrence is very high.

If moles have darkening, bleeding and redness, beware: It may be skin cancer!

Pay attention to moles on the palms and soles!

Under normal conditions, it is extremely important for those who have many moles on their body to check their moles once a month in front of the mirror and undergo an annual dermatological examination. However, if a different-looking, rapidly growing and pigmented lesion is detected, a dermatologist should be consulted immediately. Because malignant melanoma, which is the most deadly type of skin cancer, is diagnosed late, and there may be no chance of treatment.

During this examination, especially the soles of the feet, palms and nail beds should not be neglected. Many patients come to the dermatological examination too late, thinking that the color change in the nail bed may be bleeding due to fungal infection or trauma. This causes a serious loss of time for the patient. As a result, color changes and moles on the soles of the feet, palms, and nail beds should not be neglected.

Structures of moles are analyzed with videodematoscope

Dermatoscopy, which can also be defined as the method of examining the skin with a microscope, is a computer analysis method of moles. Photofinder videodermatoscope is a newly developed dermatoscopy device, and it also provides the opportunity to examine the moles one by one by transferring the patient’s image to the screen. With this method, point localizations are determined by creating a map of moles on the body.

Then, for each mole, a dermatoscopic image is taken and recorded. Thus, a chance to compare with the image to be obtained in the next control is provided. The digital dermatoscope also creates an index showing the risk of malignant melanoma by mathematically calculating the suspicious changes observed in me. This index helps in diagnosis and planning of treatment. Thanks to this method, the internal structure of existing moles is analyzed and whether they are benign or malignant is determined in the process.

Solarium has been conclusively proven to cause cancer

Risky moles are surgically removed

The belief among the people that moles can turn into a malignant shape or spread when surgical intervention is applied is a wrong thought. If the mole is found to be risky, it must be surgically removed immediately. In addition, cancerous moles are also surgically removed.

As a result, if any changes are noticed in my mole, the procedure to be done is to surgically remove the entire mole and send it for pathological examination. The removal of moles is a very easy procedure performed under local anesthesia and does not affect the daily life of the patient. If the diagnosis of melanoma is diagnosed in patients whose pathology results are evaluated, an additional surgery may be required. In terms of the spread of the tumor, laboratory tests and imaging methods are performed and the necessary treatments are planned.



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Hazal Kaya

Hazal Kaya

1 year ago

In my private area, first acne appeared, then that acne turned into a brown mole.



1 year ago

I want to ask something, my moles are brown but one of them is red and pink, I wonder if it is because it has just come out or is it the beginning of skin cancer, can you help me?

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