What is the clitoris? Things to Know About
What is the clitoris?
The hardest part of female anatomy: the clitoris. What is the clitoris, where is it located and what does it do?
How did the clitoris develop and why don’t we hear much about it? We answer all these questions and more in this article.
The clitoris has long been misrepresented and misunderstood, and even now, there are some riddles that science has yet to solve.
What is Clitoral Orgasm?
What is clitoral orgasm? You can experience the clitoral orgasm in different positions, as well as with your hand or with the caresses of your partner’s hand.
All female mammals – and some female birds and reptiles – have a clitoris (or two, as in snakes).
However, it is not clear how many of them have an orgasm thanks to this organ.
In humans, the clitoris is tightly linked to sexual pleasure, but whether it plays another role is still a matter of debate.
Despite the fact that about half of the world’s population, all women, are born with a clitoris, this genitalia is not talked about much, and until recently, even the information we could find in textbooks was inaccurate or misleading.
Secrets of the Clitoris
So, what’s to know about this elusive organ and why do we still have trouble understanding it? Keep reading to find out.
1. More Than Just a Little Hill
The nature of the clitoris can be found in the name; “Clitoris” comes from the Ancient Greek word “kleitoris” meaning “small hill” and may be related to the word “kleis” meaning “key”.
A 3-D printed model of the clitoris showing the glans, crura, and vestibular bulbs.
Although this organ is the key to unlocking female sexual pleasure, it is not just a “little hill” as long believed.
In fact, the small crest (protected by a cloak of skin or “clitoral cap” over the urethral opening) is just the visible part of the larger organ.
This tip, called the clitoral gland, is the most easily visible part of this genital organ.
Still, the entire organ spans much larger than that, and the idea was first introduced a few years ago by researcher Dr. It was introduced to the public by Helen O’Connell.
O’Connell says, “The vaginal wall is actually the clitoris. “If you remove the skin from the vagina on the side walls, you can see the point of the clitoris – triangular masses of erectile tissue,” he said. In an interview with the BBC in 2006.
The clitoris has three main components:
The glans clitoris, which is only the visible part of the organ, represents the “fifth or less” of the entire structure.
Two cruras on each side, extending, like braces, down the glans clitoris and deep into the vulvar tissue
The vestibule has two bulbs that extend either side of the vaginal orifice (not all researchers agree that vestibular bulbs have a relationship to the clitoris).
In its entirety, the clitoris can reach up to 7 centimeters in length, if not long, and the glans makes up about 4-7 millimeters in its entirety.
The glans is also the richest in free nerve endings and is the most sensitive part.
2. ‘Erotic Emotion Central Station’
Because of its sensitivity, the clitoris is often the main player when it comes to female orgasm.
The clitoris has an important role: the erotic sensation.
Popular culture and pornographic material often tend to portray the female orgasm as something achievable only through penetration, but science tells an entirely different story.
Researchers have found that most women will reach orgasm only when the clitoris – or more specifically, the glans clitoris – is stimulated.
Sex educator and researcher Emily Nagoski calls the female genitalia “The Center for Erotic Emotions” in her book, “Come as You Are: The Surprising New Science That Will Transform Your Sex Life.”
In fact, recent research shows that less common and sometimes more controversial types of orgasms—vaginal orgasm due to penetration or vaginal orgasm via G spot stimulation—may have clitoral stimulation.
3. Some Kind of Female Penis?
The clitoris has also sometimes been viewed as a female penis, largely due to a phenomenon we refer to as “biological homology,” which, as Emily Nagoski puts it, states that all fetuses are born “
Facts About The Penis
The clitoris and penis are homologous organs.
This is also why men who, unlike women, do not need to produce milk or breastfeed, also have nipples.
In other words, men and women actually mirror each other to a great extent physiologically.
And this is how the clitoris develops; he and penis are homologs. Nagoski explains how this happens during early development in the womb.
“About 6 weeks after the fertilized egg implants in the womb, masculinization is breaking down hormones,” she writes.
“The male blastocyst (a group of cells that will form the embryo) responds to this by developing its ‘prefabricated’ universal genitalia, the configuration of the male penis, testis and scrotum. It transforms the female blastocyst, and instead its prefabricated universal genitalia, into the female body of the clitoris, ovaries, and labia.” says Emily Nagoski.
4. Evolutionary Relic or Erotic Bonus
However, while the penis and clitoris are homologous, the penis plays several roles – erotic, reproductive and assertive – while the clitoris does just one job: creating an erotic sensation that can lead to orgasm. Why could this be?
Nagoski calls the female orgasm a ‘fantastic bonus’.
According to Nagoski, the female orgasm is a “by-product” of biological homology and therefore should be celebrated as a fantastic bonus.
“Male ejaculation is crucial for reproduction, with its close bond with orgasm,” she explains. “As a result, orgasm also depends on the female genitalia.”
However, some researchers believe that the female orgasm may not always be a “bonus”.
Instead, they think that, similar to the male orgasm—which coincides with the release of semen—the female orgasm triggers the release of the ovule.
For example, the authors of a 2016 paper published in the journal JEZ-B Molecular and Developmental Evolution found that immediately after orgasm, women experience a hormonal surge that has a mood-enhancing effect in modern humans.
But the scientists say that the substances released in the body are unlike those that are secreted in the bodies of other female mammals, such as rats, during sexual intercourse, which stimulate the release of eggs that can be fertilized.
Ovulation in humans is a spontaneous event independent of sexual intercourse. However, the authors of the aforementioned study hypothesize that at some point in our evolutionary history, we may have functioned like other mammals and that the female orgasm triggers the release of the ovule.
Now, orgasm insisted as a pleasurable evolutionary legacy, without reproductive association.
5. Why is the clitoris such a taboo subject?
But why did it take so long for scientists to become more interested in the clitoris, and why did someone take the initiative to scan the clitoris and produce an accurate representation of it in 2009?
The clitoris has been a taboo topic for too long, so we need to break the silence, say the researchers.
In an article published in the journal Sex Roles in 2000, researchers Shirley Mattel Ogletree and Harvey J. Ginsburg write that the clitoris is hidden in secrecy.
Because many may not like to talk about the clitoris and female orgasm, the researchers say the problem started at home.
“Since the only function of the clitoris is sexual pleasure, parents have no reason to talk about the clitoris, so a youth can grow up without any talk”
Even more shocking, when discussing the importance of the female genitalia, “even the ‘experts’ advising parents realized they were using terms other than ‘clitoris’.”
In a culture that focuses on the importance of reproduction at the expense of pleasure, the clitoris has been forgotten, and both the public and medical professionals have been embarrassed to discuss it and pay attention to it.
However, the lack of talk about the female genitalia and female pleasure can affect the way women understand their sexual health and may even change their sex lives.
“Recovering the clitoris can help women actively explore their own sexual pleasure and be more independent in the sexual choices they make,” said Ogletree and Ginsburg.
We hope this article can take the conversation about the clitoris further and tell you more about the wonder of female sexuality.
MedicalNewsToday, The clitoris: What is there to know about this mystery organ?, 2018