What is Pregnancy? What are the Symptoms?

What is Pregnancy?

Pregnancy Is A Long Process, But It All Starts With Symptoms

Pregnancy occurs when a sperm fertilizes an egg. The fertilized egg then moves towards the uterus where implantation takes place. Successful fertilization results in pregnancy.

On average, a full-term pregnancy lasts 40 weeks. There are many factors that can affect pregnancy. Women who receive an early pregnancy diagnosis and prenatal care are more likely to have a healthy pregnancy and deliver a healthy baby.

Pregnancy Symptoms

Knowing what you will experience during pregnancy is important for monitoring both your health and the health of the baby. There are also effective birth control methods that you should keep in mind if you want to prevent pregnancy.

You may notice some signs and symptoms before taking a pregnancy test. As your hormone levels change, other symptoms begin to appear.

Missed Period

A missed period is one of the earliest signs of pregnancy (and perhaps the most classic). However, a missed period doesn’t necessarily mean you’re pregnant, especially if your cycle tends to be irregular.

Other than pregnancy, there are many health conditions that can cause a late or missed period.


Headaches are common in early pregnancy. It usually occurs due to changes in hormone levels and increased blood volume. See your doctor if your headaches do not go away or if you have constant pain.

Staining on Underwear

Some women may experience light bleeding and spotting in early pregnancy. This bleeding is most often the result of implantation. Implantation usually occurs one to two weeks after fertilization.

Early pregnancy bleeding can also be caused by relatively minor conditions such as infection or irritation. The latter often affects the surface of the cervix (which is very sensitive during pregnancy).

Bleeding can sometimes also indicate a serious pregnancy complication such as miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy or placenta previa. Always consult your doctor if you are worried.

Gaining weight

You can expect to gain a few pounds in your first few months of pregnancy. Weight gain is more pronounced at the beginning of the second trimester.

Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension

Sometimes high blood pressure or hypertension develops during pregnancy. A number of factors can increase your risk, including:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • To smoke
  • Having a family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
  • heartburn

Hormones released during pregnancy can sometimes relax the valve between your stomach and esophagus. When stomach acid leaks, this can cause heartburn.


Hormone changes in early pregnancy can slow down your digestive system. As a result, you may be constipated.


As the muscles in your uterus begin to stretch and expand, you may feel a pulling sensation similar to menstrual cramps. If spotting or bleeding occurs along with your cramps, it could indicate a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy.

Back pain

Hormones and muscle stress are the biggest causes of low back pain in early pregnancy. Later, your increased weight and changing center of gravity can contribute to your back pain. About half of all pregnant women report back pain during their pregnancy.


Pregnant women are at an increased risk of anemia, which causes symptoms such as dizziness.

The condition can lead to preterm birth and low birth weight. Antenatal care often includes screening for anemia.


Between 14 and 23 percent of all pregnant women experience depression during their pregnancy. The many biological and emotional changes you encounter can cause this.

You should consult your doctor if you don’t feel the usual way.


Insomnia is another common symptom of early pregnancy. Stress, physical discomfort, and hormonal changes can cause it. A balanced diet, good sleep habits, and yoga stretches can help you get a good night’s sleep.

Breast Changes

Breast changes are one of the first noticeable signs of pregnancy. Even before you go far enough to test positive, your breasts may begin to feel soft, swollen, and often heavy or full. Your nipples may become larger and more sensitive, and the areolas may darken.


Due to increased androgen hormones, many women experience acne in early pregnancy. These hormones can make your skin oily, which can clog pores. Pregnancy acne is usually temporary and clears up after the baby is born.


Vomiting is a component of “morning sickness,” a common symptom that usually occurs within the first four months. Morning sickness is often the first sign that you are pregnant. Increased hormones in early pregnancy are the main cause.

Hip Pain

Hip pain is common during pregnancy and tends to increase in late pregnancy. It can have a variety of causes, including:

  • Pressure on the ties
  • Sciatica
  • changes in your posture
  • a heavier uterus


Diarrhea and other digestive difficulties are common during pregnancy. Hormone changes, a different diet, and the addition of stress are all possible explanations. If diarrhea lasts for more than a few days, contact your doctor to make sure you’re not dehydrated.

Stress and Pregnancy

While pregnancy is usually a happy time, it can also be a source of stress. A new baby means big changes in your body, your personal relationships and even your finances. If you start to feel overwhelmed, don’t hesitate to seek help from your doctor.

Pregnancy Symptoms in Brief

If you think you may be pregnant, you should not rely solely on these signs and symptoms for confirmation. You should get the right result with a home pregnancy test or a laboratory test from your doctor.

Many of these signs and symptoms can also be caused by other health conditions, such as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Learn more about the early signs of pregnancy.

Source: Healthline, What Do You Want to Know About Pregnancy?, 2019.


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