What is Oral Cavity Cancer? Diagnosis, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Oral Cavity Cancer? Diagnosis, Symptoms and Treatment Oral cavity is a type of cancer that occurs in the throat. Healing wounds is one of the signs. After the doctor’s diagnosis, treatment methods are applied.

Oral Cavity Cancer

Oral Cavity Cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the mouth. Oral Cavity Cancer is expressed as oral cancer. Oral cavity cancer is seen in the lips in the mouth, the gums surrounding the teeth, the tongue, the inner part of the cheeks, that is, in the structures we call the mouth, palate and sublingual. These cancers occurring in the mouth can be expressed as oral cancers or Oral Cavity Cancer.

They are among the types of cancer known as head and neck cancers. Oral Cavity Cancer has a similar course to head and neck cancer types, and the treatment processes are similar.

What are the Complaints of Oral Cavity Cancer Patient?

  • The symptoms of this complaint, which we call mouth cancer, are as follows.
  • Wounds on the lips or mouth that do not heal
  • White and red lines that occur inside the mouth
  • Hypersensitivity in teeth
  • Visible and bothersome growths or glands inside the mouth
  • Pain in the mouth
  • Persistent ear pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Extreme weight loss and loss of appetite
  • Bad odor in the mouth
  • Disorder in involuntary jaw and tongue movements

Who Gets Oral Cavity Cancer?

Who Gets Oral Cavity Cancer?

Oral Cancer occurs as a result of changing and mutating cells of the cells inside or outside the mouth, namely the lips. While DNA controls the cell, mutation makes the cell do uncontrolled processes. For this reason, mutated cells can multiply and combine to form cancer.

Over time, they can spread and multiply inside and outside the mouth and even in the head and neck parts. Oral Cancer is usually active inside and outside the mouth. It spreads as a thin layer. It is a condition that can be seen in everyone, but it is more common and increases in some people. The spread is faster in those who use substances containing glue such as cigarettes, cigars, and hookahs. Excessive alcohol use also causes a lot of spread.

Lips overexposed to sunlight. Various sexually transmitted viruses also cause cancer in the mouth. It is also known as a very common ailment in people with weakened immune systems.

Is Oral Cavity Cancer a Dangerous Disease?

There is no known diagnostic test for Oral Cavity Cancer. But a specialist or dentist or person can diagnose it by self-checking.

Diagnosed oral cancer level should be determined and diagnosed and the treatment process should begin. It is a treatable disease. But early diagnosis is important. If the situation that bothers the person exceeds two weeks, he should definitely see a specialist. As a result of the examination by the specialist, the treatment phase will begin.

How is Oral Cavity Cancer Diagnosed?

The test to be applied and the methods to be followed in the diagnosis of Oral Cavity Cancer are as follows. A physician or dentist who is a specialist in the field completes the examination by performing a physical examination, examining the white and reddish lines or infections that occur within the network.

If a suspicious place is detected by the specialist or the dentist, a piece is taken from that area and sent for examination.

The tissue taken for testing may have been taken with a needle or a sharp instrument. The tissue taken will be examined for cancer in the laboratory. Thus, the treatment phase will begin.

If cancer is detected, it is desired to determine its stages. A small throat check can be done with the camera or examination can be done with imaging methods. These are important steps in the treatment process and are essential.

How Often Is Oral Cavity Cancer Occurred?

There is no way to prevent oral cancer yet. But oral hygiene is important to reduce the risk. For this, it is necessary to pay attention to some points.

For example, quitting or reducing tobacco use or quitting alcohol or reducing smoking. Protecting lips from excessive sun. Regular dental examinations for oral and dental health will reduce the risk. There is no incidence in Oral Cavity Cancer.

Is Oral Cavity Cancer Treatment Possible?

The treatment of oral cancer is possible, and the treatment process varies depending on the location and size of the cancer, the general health conditions of the person and personal preference.

In the treatment phase, one type of treatment method can be selected or combined cancer treatment can be taken. Many treatment options are available. With the help of specialists, the treatment option is determined and the treatment process begins.

There are surgical procedures for the complete removal of the tumor occurring in the cancerous area. The surgeon removes the tumor and the entire layer of cancer that surrounds it, and sometimes it may also have penetrated healthy tissue to make sure that he did this.

The size of the cancer may require more specialists. Removal of a large tumor may require removal of healthy tissue. For example, in order to remove a tumor in the mouth, it may be necessary to remove part of the jawbone and tongue.

Surgery is required to remove a cancer that grows and spreads in the mouth from the neck. If the cancer is large and gradually spreading to the neck, surgery offers to remove it. At this point where the risk increases, tumors and cancerous cells should be completely cleared.

As a result of this process, the extra treatment process begins. A new surgical procedure is performed for the problems of eating, drinking and even speech disorders that will occur with the treatment of oral cancer and the removal of cancerous cells. The mouth and its surroundings are reconstructed with a surgical procedure.

For this procedure, it may be necessary to take skin, muscle and bone tissues from other parts of the person’s body. Oral cancer can be removed with radiotherapy method. Chemotherapy can be used to kill cancer cells. If the cancer is not very large and has not spread, drug therapy may be recommended.

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