What is Birth Control Pill? Does It Eliminate Acne?
What is the Birth Control Pill?
Birth control pills are drugs containing estrogen and progestin used by women to prevent pregnancy or in case of hormonal imbalances.
The birth control pill is a method of birth control that is frequently used in the world.
Estrogen is included in oral contraceptives along with the hormone progestin.
Many women take low-dose birth control pills that contain 20 to 50 micrograms (mcg) of estrogen.
The estrogen in the combined pill sends feedback to the brain.
This feedback causes a variety of effects in the body, including:
- Preventing the pituitary gland from secreting follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Stopping the production of luteinizing hormone (LH)
- Prevention of ovulation
- Supporting the lining of the uterus to prevent sudden bleeding that can sometimes cause spotting between periods
Some doctors may recommend contraception for alternative uses, including:
- Regulates the menstrual cycle
- Relieves heavy cramping and heavy bleeding
- It reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and reduces the tendency to develop ovarian cysts.
- Provides protection against ectopic pregnancies
- Decreased perimenopausal symptoms
- Helps reduce the severity of hormone-related acne
Taking the birth control pill carries several risks, such as:
- Heart attack
- blood clots
- pulmonary embolism
- Nausea and vomiting
- irregular bleeding
- weight changes
- Breast tenderness and swelling
Long-term use can also lead to a higher risk of breast cancer.
Are Birth Control Pills Good for Acne?
Christine Masterson, head of the women’s and children’s service line at Summit Medical Group in New Jersey, told us about her work.
“There are definite links between acne and hormones at all stages of a woman’s life, from adolescence to pregnancy and even perimenopause.”
It’s not fair – but what should you do when you’ve tried all the OTC creams, washes, and spot creams for acne and none of them work? Birth control can be a legal option.
Are Birth Control Pills Used to Treat Acne?
So, for real, can birth control help clear up my acne?
Yes. According to Masterson, some research has shown links between certain types of birth control and a reduction in acne — even so, some birth control pills have gone to the FDA* to be approved for use as acne treatments. (Ortho Tri-Cyclen, SUMMER, WHITE and Estrostep FE are all already approved.)
One of those studies, according to Masterson, is a 2014 review in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatologists. According to researchers who looked at 32 randomized controlled trials (the most reliable type), oral contraceptives were better at clearing acne for six months than antibiotics for acne, which helped for just three months.
So what’s the common denominator here? Again these hormones. According to Masterson, it can lead to an increase in male-centered hormones called androgens, which happen throughout your body’s cycle of normal hormonal changes. These hormones cause more oil to build up under the skin – and when that oil gets trapped, bacteria grow and pimples form.
Once you take birth control though, these hormone levels are better regulated (you won’t have a dramatic rise in androgens), which means there’s a reduced chance of breakouts.
In fact, birth control is a common treatment for acne, as some dermatologists often prescribe birth control pills at their request.
Which Birth Control Pills Can Be Used to Treat Acne
So are some birth control options more effective than others?
The answer is yes. To truly reap the acne-fighting benefits, you need to be in the form of a combination of birth control (one containing estrogen and progesterone) – which means intrauterine devices (IUDs) and progesterone-only pills (i.e. mini-pills) won’t work. It’s estrogen that does the job of leveling these oil-producing androgens in birth control specifically.
The pill is often prescribed for acne first, but it’s not your only option: Implants, patches, and vaginal rings all contain both estrogen and progesterone, and they can be just as effective as the pill, Masterson says.
Masterson says it’s important to tell your doctor your full medical history before going on birth control for any reason; If you have a history of blood clots or certain types of migraine, you probably won’t be a candidate for hormonal birth control.
Another thing: Really bad acne flares can be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a hormonal disorder that can cause excessive hair growth, irregular periods, and fertility problems; Even more reason to be completely honest with your doctor about your symptoms.
Anything else I should know about birth control and acne?
A few things. First, don’t expect quick results as soon as you start birth control; your skin may get worse at first. “Some people initially find their skin worsens, but after about six months the hormones settle and the skin condition improves,” Masterson says.
Also, if you stop birth control after it’s gone to stop your acne, there’s always a chance the acne will come back – but every situation is different and it depends on what caused your acne to start.
“If you start taking birth control in your teenage years, [hayatın ilerleyen dönemlerinde] “Until you show up, your hormones may be more regular,” she says. The same goes for acne caused by pregnancy, breastfeeding, perimenopause, or some other temporary life stage. Because a woman’s hormones are constantly changing, so are the chances of her developing acne.
If your breakouts return after stopping birth control (or if you switch to a different type, such as an IUD), they will occur within the first three to six months after the change.
* FDA It is an organization recognized worldwide. It is an organization within the US Department of Health and its foundations were laid in 1862. FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) stands for American Food and Drug Administration.
Source: Women’s Health Mag, Does Birth Control really Help Acne?, 2018.