Weight triggers 12 types of cancer!
Stating that every 10 cm enlargement of the waist circumference and every 5 kg increase in our weight causes an increase of 5 units in the Body Mass Index (BMI), experts said that this increase invites various types of cancer. Experts point out that by making changes in your lifestyle, you can try to stop chronic diseases such as cancer and heart diseases, and type 2 diabetes.
April 1-7 is known as Cancer Week in order to raise awareness and raise public awareness about cancer.
Üsküdar University Faculty of Health Sciences Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Department Head Assoc. Dr. Defne Kaya said that there is a relationship between excess body fat and 12 types of cancer, most of which concern the digestive and hormonal systems. Associate Professor. Defne Kaya listed these cancer types as follows:
“Pancreas, kidney, ovary, biliary tract, esophagus, colon and rectum (the first 12 cm of the large intestine near the anus), stomach, bone marrow (multiple myeloma: more common in those who consume a lot of animal fat and obese), lung, breast and uterine cancer.”
Calculate your Body Mass Index
Expressing that the first thing we will do is to calculate our body mass index (BMI), Kaya said, “We should check whether the BMI, which is obtained by dividing our body weight by the square of our height, is within normal limits. Ideal BMI: 19-24 for 19-24 year olds; 20-25 for 25-34 year olds; 21-26 for 35-44 years old; It should be between 22-27 for 45-54 years old and 24-29 for 65-year-olds.
Fat around the waist poses a risk
Stating that the total amount of fat in the body is important, Assoc. Defne Kaya stated that lubrication around the waist can invite important health problems.
“However, it is more important to know where the oil is accumulating. Fat accumulation around the abdomen causes more health risks than fat accumulation in other parts of the body (hips, hips). Therefore, the measurement of the waist circumference alone or the waist/hip circumference ratio gives us important information for some disease states. Waist circumference should not exceed 94 cm in men and 80 cm in women. The waist/hip circumference ratio is important in terms of evaluating the risk of chronic diseases related to obesity. This rate differs according to gender. The waist/hip circumference ratio should not exceed 1.0 in men and 0.8 in women.
5-unit increase in BMI increases cancer risk
Noting that every 10 cm enlargement of the waist circumference and every 5 kg increase in our weight causes an increase of 5 units in BMI, Assoc. Dr. Defne Kaya stated that every 5 unit increase in BMI can lead to the following results. Here are those results:
- Colon cancer (in men) (9% increased risk)
- To rectal cancer (in men)
- to esophageal cancer
- to pancreatic cancer
- to kidney cancer
- Uterine cancer (in premenopausal women)
- Bone marrow cancer (multiple myeloma) – a type of bone marrow cancer
Three different types of biliary tract cancer: Gallbladder, extrahepatic biliary tract, and bubble of vater (a bubble formed by enlargement of the intestinal wall where the duct from the pancreas and the bile duct open into the duodenum) (56% increased risk)
Both an increase in body fat and weight and an increase in waist/hip ratio of 0.1 increase the risk of developing breast cancer by 11% and the risk of developing uterine cancer by 21% in menopausal women who do not receive hormone replacement therapy.
New evidence found in weight-cancer relationship
Implement a program that will strengthen your heart and muscles
Stating that all these scientific data indicate that we should reduce our body fat ratio and waist/hip ratio, Assoc. Defne Kaya said, “If you want to make your body healthy, you should implement a program that will work both your heart and your muscles. Increasing your heart rate alone is not enough, you should definitely add your muscles to your strengthening training so that you burn fat faster.
Assoc. Dr. Defne Kaya listed her training program options as follows:
At least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week and strengthening exercises for major muscle groups 2-3 days a week.
At least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity per week and strengthening exercises for major muscle groups 2-3 days a week.
You can mix moderate and vigorous aerobic exercises: You can jog for 30 minutes two days a week and walk briskly the other days. Again, you should do strengthening exercises for large muscle groups 2-3 days a week.
I would also like to offer a few aerobic exercise suggestions: brisk walking, swimming, jogging, cycling, tennis, hiking and climbing, basketball, volleyball, football.
Emphasizing that it is possible to put a stop to all these types of cancer and chronic diseases such as heart diseases and type 2 diabetes by changing the lifestyle, Assoc. Defne Kaya advised, “Eat a balanced and high-quality diet, exercise regularly, reduce/quit smoking and alcohol”.