Watch out for 7 important signs of cancer-risk moles
Melanocytic nevi, popularly known as “me”, are formed as a result of the proliferation of pigment cells called melanocytes, which are present at birth or appear after birth, giving color to the skin. Normally innocent looking and not causing any problems molesSometimes it can turn into cancer. Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. Hakan Tekin gave information about 7 symptoms and treatments of moles that can turn into cancer.
Staying in the sun for a long time is risky for moles
While the majority of moles are benign in human life, some types have the possibility of turning into cancer. Genetic predisposition, long-term uncontrolled and unprotected sun exposure, constant trauma and sunburns are among the factors that trigger cancerous moles. If the moles, which can be flat or raised, pink, brown or black in color, change color, grow, bleed and itch, and have irregular edges, they should be evaluated by a specialist doctor in terms of cancer risk. These suspicious moles should be examined and, if necessary, followed up regularly.
Watch out for large moles with irregular edges.
Don’t let wrong thoughts ruin your health
The common belief among the public that there is a risk of moles turning into cancer when surgically removed is completely wrong. Because of the belief that ‘the knife was worth it, it got worse’, many patients with moles at risk of cancer lose the chance of early diagnosis. On the contrary, all suspicious moles should be examined for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, and if deemed necessary by the doctor, they should be partially or completely removed for pathological research. Especially congenital moles larger than a few centimeters in diameter carry a higher risk.
These symptoms in moles should be heeded.
- If the shape of the moles is asymmetrical
- If the edges are uneven or getting ragged
- If it contains more than one color
- If the diameter is large
- If there is a change in its surface, size and shape
- If bleeding or itching occurs
- If there is a wound that does not heal
If moles have darkening, bleeding and redness, beware: It may be skin cancer!
It can be treated with surgery or laser.
Moles can be treated with surgical intervention or laser technique, depending on their condition and structure, and the patient can lead a comfortable life after the procedures. Benign or malignant moles can be determined by pathological examination of the moles removed by surgical method. In this respect, it is an advantageous method for the patient. Some of the benign moles can be removed with laser almost without scarring or leaving a slight scar. Moles that are suitable with the laser technique can be treated in a single session, even if the number is large. The treatment method to be applied to moles must be determined by the specialist doctor.
When are misshapen moles a sign of skin cancer?