Tumor-specific treatment in cancer

Radiation Oncology is undoubtedly one of the most important fields of medicine that provides treatment by using ionizing radiation to control malignant cells as a part of cancer treatment. Stating that there is a lot of development in the field of Radiation Oncology, Radiation Oncology Specialist and Director of the Radiation Oncology Department Prof. Dr. Hale Başak Çağlar “As the advances in software continue, Radiation Oncology also makes progress in parallel. In addition, developments in imaging technologies are also very important. If radiation therapy is applied to an area, it is necessary to make sure that it is actually applied to that area. Especially in radiosurgery, this is extremely important, because very high doses of radiation are given. When it is given to the wrong area, the effect of the treatment is not seen, and the side effects increase. Therefore, the implantation of advances in imaging into radiotherapy has a great contribution to Radiation Oncology.”

Life expectancy is getting longer

Explaining that the techniques that allow treatment by taking into account the movements of the displaced tumors have gained importance, Anadolu Medical Center Radiation Oncology Department Director Prof. Dr. Hale Başak Çağlar said, “In parallel with all these developments, radiosurgery has now become a method recommended in scientific guidelines for many diseases. Compared to the past, patients can now be treated better. For example, 20 years ago, the average life expectancy of metastatic lung cancer patients was 6-9 months, today we are talking about survival times that can extend to at least five years. In addition, very good survival times were achieved in breast, gynecological cancers, childhood lymphomas and leukemias, and head and neck tumors. There are very good developments in cancer treatments; chemotherapies, smart drugs, immunotherapies… But Radiation Oncology also makes a great contribution to this process. In this multidisciplinary process managed with strong communication and patient-oriented approaches by expert teams, as much as the importance of the treatments applied to add life to the patient’s life, that extended life is not in the hospital bed with a low quality of life; It is also extremely important to live in social life with a high quality of life.”

Life expectancy in cancer has increased thanks to new generation treatment methods

Personalized treatments will increase

Emphasizing that patient-specific treatments will gain more importance in the near future, Prof. Dr. Hale Başak Çağlar said, “For example, each patient’s tumor will be handled by genetic analysis and specific treatments will be given to that tumor. Therefore, a period in which personalized treatments will gain weight is waiting for us. Of course, preventive medicine will also be underlined more. It is very important to take precautions before the disease knocks on the door and to control the disease with early diagnosis. At this point, we will witness rapid developments in screening programs,” he said.

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