Trichomonas

What is trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis (“tric”) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). This is a very common disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 3.7 million Americans become infected with trichomoniasis every year. What is good is easily treated.

What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?

Trichominas usually has no observed symptoms. CDC only 30 percent of people with trichomes report any symptoms that you did reports. In one study, 85 percent of affected women did not have any symptoms.

Symptoms usually begin five to 28 days after people become infected. Although it may take longer for some people.

The most common symptoms among women are:

  • vaginal discharge that can be white, gray, yellow, or green and often frothy with an unpleasant odor
  • vaginal spotting or bleeding
  • genital burning or itching
  • genital redness or swelling
  • frequent urge to urinate
  • pain during urination or sexual intercourse

The most common symptoms in men are:

  • discharge from the penis
  • burning when urinating or after ejaculation
  • frequent urge to urinate

What causes trichomoniasis?

trichomes, Trichomonas vaginalis It originates from a single-celled protozoan organism. It is transmitted from person to person through genital contact during sexual intercourse.

In women, the organism causes an infection in the vagina, urethra, or both. In men, the infection occurs only in the urethra. Once the infection starts, it can easily spread through unprotected sexual contact.

Trichominas do not go through normal physical contact, such as hugging, kissing, sharing crockery, or sitting on a toilet seat. Also, it cannot be spread through sexual contact where the genitals are not involved.

What are the risk factors for trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis is more common in women than men and 2.3 million female is between 14 and 49 years old. It is more common in older women than younger women. One study showed that women over the age of 40 were more likely to be infected at least twice in their lifetime, as previously estimated.

Your risk of infection may be increased due to:

  • multiple sexual partners
  • previous trichomoniasis infections
  • unprotected – sex without a condom

How is trichomoniasis diagnosed?

Trichominas symptoms are similar to those of other STIs. It cannot be diagnosed by symptoms alone. If you think you may have an infection, ask your doctor for a physical exam and lab tests.

A number of tests can diagnose trich, including:

  • cell cultures
  • antigen tests (antibodies, Trichomonas parasite, which causes a discoloration indicating infection)
  • Trichomonas Tests that look for your DNA
  • Microscopic examination of vaginal fluid samples (for women) or urethral discharge (for men)

How is trichomoniasis treated?

Trichomoniasis can be treated with antibiotics. Your doctor may recommend metronidazole (Flagil) or tinidazole (Tindamax). Do not drink any alcohol for the first 24 hours after taking metronidazole or for the first 72 hours after taking tinidazole. May cause severe nausea and vomiting.

Make sure your sexual partner is properly tested and take the drug as well. The absence of any symptoms does not mean there is no infection. You will need to abstain from sexual intercourse for a week after all partners have been treated.

What is the appearance of a patient with trichomoniasis?

If untreated, trichomoniasis infection may continue. With treatment, trichomoniasis is usually cured within a week.

Reduce your chances of re-infection by ensuring that all your sexual partners are treated. Then wait for the infection to clear before becoming sexually active again. It is recommended that you wait at least one week after taking your medicine before having sex again.

Your symptoms should go away after a week. If your symptoms last longer, talk to your doctor about getting retested.

See your doctor for a trichomoniasis test at least three months after your treatment. Reinfection rate for women to 17 percent at three months after treatment it can go up. Even if your spouses are also receiving treatment, follow-up is important. Some to drugs There are cases of resistant trichomoniasis.

Some tests may be done two weeks after your treatment. Supporting screening for men lack of data Because of this, it is not usually retested.

Are there possible complications of trichomoniasis?

Genital inflammation caused by trichomoniasis, along with other STIs, can increase your risk of getting HIV.

Other conditions such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and bacterial vaginosis often occur with trichomoniasis. Untreated infections can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Complications of PID include:

  • fallopian tube blockage due to scar tissue
  • infertility
  • chronic abdominal or pelvic pain

Trichomoniasis and pregnancy

Trichomoniasis can cause unique complications in pregnant women. There may be a higher chance of giving birth prematurely or delivering a low-birth-weight baby. Although rare, the infection can be transmitted to the baby during delivery.

a study suggested that your child’s risk of developing an intellectual disability increases if you worry during pregnancy.

It is safe to take the medications metronidazole and tinidazole during pregnancy. No adverse effects were recorded.

If you are pregnant and suspect your partner has another STI, talk to your doctor as soon as possible to avoid complications for you and your child.

How do you prevent trichomoniasis?

Only by abstaining from all sexual activity can you completely prevent transmission.

Reduce your chances of having trichomoniasis and other STI attacks by using latex condoms during sexual intercourse.

S:

My partner has an STI but no symptoms. Why do I need to get tested or take the same drug?

A:

STIs are common problems among sexually active individuals. Often, people with infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis do not have any symptoms. It’s not uncommon for people to find out they’ve had an infection only after they’ve been tested. Once a sexual partner is diagnosed with an STI, the CDC recommends treating all partners while they await test results. This reduces the chance of complications.

Resources:

Estimates of sexually transmitted infections in the United States, 2008. (2013, February)

The sexually transmitted parasite Trichomonas vaginalis is twice as common in women over the age of 40. (2011, 12 July)

Mann, JR, McDermott, S., Barnes, TL, Hardin, J., Bao, H., & Zhou, L. (2009, December). Trichomoniasis in pregnancy and mental retardation in children. Annals of Epidemiology, 19 (12), 891-899

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015, 21 March). Trichomoniasis: Definition

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