To avoid cancer, stay away from meat and avoid excess weight!
Cancer, the frightening disease of the modern age, is rapidly spreading today. While approximately 200 thousand people are diagnosed with cancer annually in our country, it is estimated that one out of every 2 people will be diagnosed with cancer in the next 20-30 years. On the other hand, with the rapid developments in technology and medicine, the fact that many of them can be caught at an early stage and treated with the latest methods also increases the survival rate. Medical Oncology Specialist Prof. Dr. Aziz Writer “Although the number of people diagnosed with cancer is increasing, the number of people with cancer who survive with the developments in treatment is also increasing. Cancer The easiest and most successful way of treatment is to prevent the development of cancer. Early diagnosis significantly increases the success of treatment.
Smoking is one of the main causes of cancer. Scientific studies reveal that 90 percent of lung cancer develops due to smoking. There are other cancers caused by smoking; head and neck cancers, esophageal cancer, bladder cancer etc. The risk of starting smoking at an early age increases as the number of cigarettes smoked daily and the duration of smoking increase.
In addition, the inhalation of cigarettes into the lungs with a deeper breath increases the risk of cancer. The best way to avoid smoking-related cancers is not to start or quit smoking. After quitting smoking, the risk gradually decreases over time and in 10-15 years, the risk approaches non-smokers.
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take a walk
Regular exercise can help maintain weight and lower cholesterol, reduce the risk of heart attack and prevent sugar spikes. By maintaining weight, the risk of cancer caused by obesity can be reduced. Studies show that exercise protects against cancer regardless of weight. For this reason, it is extremely beneficial to exercise for an hour a day two or three days a week or for half an hour a day five days a week. Exercise can also be an activity you enjoy (swimming, cycling, tennis, etc.).
stay away from alcohol
Scientific studies reveal that alcohol consumption increases the risk of liver cancer, especially by creating head and neck cancers, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer and cirrhosis. The risk of cancer increases as the duration of alcohol intake and the amount of alcohol consumed daily increase.
Be at ideal weight
Being at an ideal weight is necessary for the prevention of cancer as well as cardiovascular diseases. Being overweight can increase the risk of breast, ovarian, uterine, pancreatic and colon cancer. In order not to be overweight, it is necessary to adopt a diet rich in vegetables, grains and legumes and to increase physical activity.
Protect from ultraviolet and radiation
Medical Oncology Specialist Prof. Dr. Aziz Author “Exposure to ultraviolet rays increases the risk of skin cancers. It is especially dangerous to stay under the sun during steep hours and to be exposed to cosmetic ultraviolet (for example, solarium) rays for a long time. As much as possible, use long-sleeved clothing, umbrellas and protective creams to protect yourself during the hours when the sun is high. Exposure to radiation can sometimes occur for therapeutic purposes or due to the environment (radon gas emitted from the ground).
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The radiation area applied for therapeutic purposes is at risk. For example, in radiotherapy involving the thyroid region or the breast region, these organs should be followed closely for cancer.”
Consume seasonal vegetables and fruits
While more hormone supplements and chemicals are used in vegetables and fruits that are not in season, the nutritional value of seasonal vegetables and fruits is higher. For example, tomatoes produced in the season contain more lycopene. Therefore, it is important to consume vegetables and fruits in season. Vegetables and fruits that are harvested and frozen in season are considered to have good nutritional value.
Avoid processed products
It is important that food is consumed as fresh as possible. In order to increase its durability, foods are subjected to a number of processes. Pesticides placed on vegetables, fruits and meat products as insecticides and fungicides can increase the risk of cancer. Polychloronyl biphenyl in processed fish products and sodium benzoate used in other food products can increase the risk of cancer. Warnings are frequently made regarding processed meat products (sausage, salami, sausage, ham) that they can be harmful.
Be careful when grilling!
A meat-based diet is important in terms of prevention of cancer diseases as well as in terms of heart diseases. Especially red meat should not exceed 3-4 servings per week. Barbecue is not a suitable cooking method for cooking meat, either. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons produced during barbecue increase the risk of cancer. If barbecue is still to be preferred as a cooking method, the meat must not be burned.
What should we do to prevent cancer?
Scientific research shows that some infections trigger cancer and cause cancer development. Hepatitis B and C also cause liver cancer. Helicobacter pylori bacteria can cause stomach cancer. This bacterium can be treated with antibiotics. Human papillomavirus can cause cervical cancer, anal canal cancer and head and neck cancer. A vaccine developed for this virus can provide protection to a large extent. In addition, some viruses (herpes group) can cause skin cancer. While the HIV virus causes AIDS and increases the risk of leukemia and lymphoma, it is important to know that most cancer-causing infections are either preventable or treatable infections.
Beware of chemical products
Medical Oncology Specialist Prof. Dr. Aziz Yazıcı said, “As industrialization increases, exposure to chemicals increases. Asbestos, which is found in the white soil used in homes in Anatolia, is also used in the cities, industry and buildings for sound and heat insulation, and exposure to this substance increases the risk of cancer. Products (especially dioxins) from coal, wood and fuel products cause cancer. Those who are more exposed to vehicle exhausts (for example, those who live next to busy roads) may develop more cancer. Heavy metals (mercury, lead, arsenic), aluminum baking paper and phthalates in some toys can also cause carcinogenic effects.
Immunotherapy period in treatment
Disabling the immune system plays a very important role in the emergence of cancer diseases. Immunotherapy reactivates the immune system that has been disabled by cancer, enabling it to fight cancer. In this way, a longer lasting anticancer power is provided. Immunotherapy has fewer side effects than conventional chemotherapies and is generally better tolerated by patients. Studies show that it can be effective in almost every cancer by strengthening the immune system. While immunotherapy is included in the standard treatment program in some cancer types (lung cancer, melanoma, bladder cancer, kidney cancer), studies are continuing in other cancer types.