This trio is responsible for 50% of kidney cancers! Smoking, hypertension, obesity
The spread of metabolic diseases around the world is also increasing the incidence of many diseases. Today, it has been proven that the presence of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, alone or together, poses a risk in the development of cancers affecting many organs. Urooncology Specialist Prof. Dr. Can Öbek says that smoking, hypertension and obesity are responsible for 50 percent of kidney cancer. Although a significant increase has been observed in the frequency of kidney cancer, which is a malignant tumor arising from the kidney tissue, in the last 20 years, the reason for the increase is not known exactly. Despite all the innovations and developments in treatment, the loss of life due to the disease continues to increase.
Stating that the incidence of kidney cancers is 2-3 percent among all cancers, Acıbadem Taksim Hospital, Urooncology Specialist Prof. Dr. Can Öbek explains that the disease mostly occurs between the ages of 60-70. Stating that the presence of hypertension is a very effective parameter in the frequency of kidney cancer, Prof. Can Öbek states that the presence of hypertension also causes the stage of the cancer and its more aggressive course.
Seeing blood in the urine is a serious warning for health! Could be kidney cancer
Precautions should be taken against smoking and obesity
The most common type of kidney cancer in adults is “renal cell cancer”, whereas kidney cancers that occur in childhood usually originate from different cells, so the treatment approach also changes. If kidney cancer is not treated, it can spread to the surrounding tissues and organs, so early diagnosis is also effective in the success of the treatment and in increasing the chance of recovery.
Stating that cigarette consumption, obesity and high blood pressure are three environmental factors that have been found to cause kidney cancer, Prof. Dr. Can Öbek explains that having a first-degree relative with kidney cancer is also an effective risk factor. prof. Dr. For this reason, Can Öbek says that the most important step to be taken to prevent kidney cancer is not to smoke and to take precautions against obesity.
Does not show symptoms in the early stage
Stating that kidney cancer very rarely gives symptoms in the early stages, Prof. Dr. Can Öbek gives the following information about the signs that patients should pay attention to: “In advanced stages, bleeding in the urine, pain and/or swelling symptoms in the lumbar region can be observed.
However, the disease can sometimes lead to some systemic findings such as high blood pressure, weight loss, fever, anemia or high blood count, increased blood calcium level. Although these findings can be observed in many diseases, it is beneficial for people with risk factors to be more vigilant in this regard.
Obesity triples the risk of kidney cancer
Tumors detected incidentally
prof. Dr. Can Öbek draws attention to the fact that more than half of kidney cancer can be detected incidentally in radiological imaging such as ultrasonography, tomography or MR performed for other reasons, since its symptoms are not seen at an early stage. prof. Dr. Can Öbek also points out that incidentally detected tumors are usually at an earlier stage and are easier to treat.
Tumors in the kidneys are seen in two forms as benign (benign) and malignant (malignant). However, with today’s radiological imaging methods, it is not possible to distinguish between ‘benign’ or ‘malignant’ tumors. Dr. Can Öbek continues his words as follows: “We know that the smaller the tumor mass, the more likely it is to be benign. The rate of benignity of masses less than four centimeters in diameter is around 30 percent.”
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography is used to diagnose kidney cancer, and in some patients, MRI can also be taken. prof. Can Öbek says that biopsy is not a standard practice in the presence of a kidney mass, but it can be done depending on the patient’s condition.
Surgery can be performed robotically or laparoscopically.
Stating that the primary treatment method in kidney cancer is surgery, Prof. Can Öbek said, “The aim in surgery is to remove the mass as much as possible and to preserve the kidney tissue, depending on the patient’s condition. In this way, the patient’s risk of heart diseases in the long term is also reduced.
Hypertension and kidney diseases should be handled together!
Stating that kidney cancer surgeries can be performed safely with robot-assisted and closed surgical methods today, Prof. Dr. Öbek continues his words as follows: “The recovery process of the patient after robotic surgery is much faster and easier. Due to less pain and bleeding, the patient can return to daily activities faster. In cases where the mass is large and it is not possible to remove only the mass, the entire diseased kidney is removed. In this case, patients can continue their lives with a healthy kidney. In the case of metastases, the treatment begins with the surgical removal of the mass in the kidney, and the patient then begins to receive systemic therapy.
Stating that the course of the disease is monitored at regular intervals without surgery in tumors less than four centimeters in elderly and/or poor general condition, Prof. Dr. Can Öbek states that patients who have undergone surgery should also go to physician control at regular intervals.