The incidence of colon cancer in young people has increased 2 times and the incidence of rectal cancer has increased 4 times.
Stating that the increase in the incidence of colon cancer at young ages is worrying, President of the Turkish Colon and Rectum Surgery Association Prof. Dr. Ayhan Kuzu said, “The idea that there is no cancer at a young age is a wrong idea. The incidence of colon cancer in the young population born in 1990 is 2 times, rectal cancer incidence increased 4 times. The data show that colon cancer will be the disease of the younger generations.
TA press conference was held in Ankara University İbn-i Sina Hospital Hasan Ali Yücel conference hall due to the ‘Large Bowel Cancer Awareness Month’ by the Turkish Colon and Rectal Surgery Association (TKRCD). The meeting was attended by the President of the Association, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Kuzu, Member of the Board of Directors Prof. Dr. Cem Terzi, TKRCD Members Prof. Dr. Bilgi Karaca, Assoc. Dr. Cihangir Akyol and Assoc. Dr. Muzaffer Akkoca joined.
The third most common type of cancer in women and men
Reminding that March is accepted as colon cancer awareness month all over the world, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Kuzu, “colorectal cancer It is the third most common type of cancer in men and women, both in the world and in our country. However, it is the second most deadly cancer type in the list of diseases that result in death.
In a study conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2015, it has been shown that the survival rates of colon cancer have deteriorated in 3 countries, including Turkey, in the last ten years.
What causes colon cancer? Symptoms, treatment and surgery
According to the data of the Ministry of Health, the 5-year survival rate of colon cancer in the first stage (initial stage) is around 70% in our country, while this rate is around 90% in developed countries. These data reveal the importance of combating this disease in our country.
prof. Dr. Noting that it is necessary to know two points about the disease very well, Kuzu said, “Large bowel cancer is a preventable, treatable and survivable disease. In addition, colon cancer is a disease that can be treated with full cure when caught at an early stage.
It fell under 50 years old, the frequency is increasing proportionally in the young population
prof. Dr. Ayhan Kuzu pointed out that there has been an increase in the incidence of colon cancer at young ages in recent years, and that approximately 10% of all observed large intestine cancer cases develop under 50 years of age, and that the increase in rectal cancer cases that develop in the region of the large intestine close to the anus, especially at younger ages, is higher than that of colon cancer. He stressed that it was twice as high.
Stating that the statistical analyzes revealed that the increase in the incidence of colon cancer at young ages will continue in the coming years, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Kuzu said, “In a study conducted in 2017, the incidence of colon cancer was 2 times higher and the incidence of rectum cancer was 4 times higher in the young population born in 1990 compared to individuals born in 1950. These data also show that, unfortunately, colon cancer will be the disease of the younger generations.
Young people ignore the symptoms of the disease
prof. Dr. Kuzu stated that young people gloss over the signs and symptoms that occur “with the thought that it wouldn’t happen to me” and said: “While the signs and symptoms that occur at young ages are often dismissed as nothing, the disease can only be caught in advanced stages due to misdiagnosis and late application to the doctor.
What causes rectal cancer? Symptoms and treatment options
Young people trying “hearsay” treatment methods, ignoring them with the thought of “whatever it takes”, and ignoring the thought of “cancer does not happen at a young age” cause diseases to progress and reach a more difficult stage.
Young people often consult a doctor with the same complaints as adults. These; complaints such as constipation, blood in the stool, bloating, cramp-like pain, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, but it is important that these are continuous. Unfortunately, 41 percent of young people waited more than 6 months to go to the doctor. Up to 67 percent had visited at least 2 or 3 doctors before diagnosis. About 71 percent were diagnosed at a young age but at an advanced stage when diagnosed. We shouldn’t say it will pass anyway. The idea that there is no cancer at a young age is a misconception.”
You can reduce the risk by changing your lifestyle.
Explaining that some factors can increase the risk of colon cancer, it is possible to change some of them. Dr. Ayhan Kuzu said, “You can change your lifestyle.
For example; we need to get rid of excess weight, do regular sports, not smoke, not consume excessive alcohol, consume healthy nutrients, that is, we should not eat excessive fried foods, animal foods, excessively smoked foods, processed foods. But you cannot change some risk factors. The leading factors that you cannot change are advanced age and family history. type 2 diabetes It is another reason that increases the susceptibility”.
Who should be screened?
Expressing that the screening age, which is normally 50 years old, should be increased to an earlier age in some individuals, Prof. Dr. Kuzu said, “Those with a family history of colon cancer or colon polyp at a young age, those with a family history of inherited cancer, those followed for a long time with the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease, blood in the stool, a change in defecation habits, Colon cancer screening program should be done at younger ages for those who have complaints such as abdominal pain and restlessness, anemia and weakness.
What is a colonoscopy? How is it done? What are the risks of colonoscopy?
About 5 percent of all polyps become cancerous
Providing information about the abnormal structures in the intestine called polyps, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Kuzu ended his words as follows: “There is a layer that covers the inner surface of the intestine like the skin layer covering our body. With the growth of the layer covering the inner surface of the intestine into the intestine, a swelling – swelling occurs. This is called a ‘polyp’.
Not all polyps become cancerous, but colonoscopy When they are not detected and removed with the help of cancer, some initially benign polyps may grow and some may develop colon cancer, ie colon cancer. It takes years for a benign polyp to turn into colon cancer. About 5 percent of all polyps become cancerous, 95 percent do not, but it is necessary to know which one does.
Feeling of shame affects doctor application
Turkish Colon and Rectal Surgery Association Board Member Prof. Dr. Cem Terzi emphasized that embarrassment about the complaints in the breech area has an important place among them. Expressing that individuals first perceive the complaints in the breech area as hemorrhoids, Prof. Dr. Cem Terzi gave the following information: “Avoiding or being afraid of breech examination due to embarrassment, fear of colonoscopy.
As healthcare professionals, our duty is to inform the public about this issue and to put them at ease. Such examinations should be carried out in environments that are very suitable for patient privacy. When the patient comes in, we need to create such a healthy environment that there is no one else in the room and the door is locked while he takes off his clothes so that people can come comfortably and convey their private complaints to us. This is how we can beat this timid, cowardly culture in society.”
It is necessary to reconcile the society with the colonoscope device
Mentioning that colonoscopy is the most effective method in the diagnosis of colon cancer, Prof. Dr. Tailor said it is generally perceived as an intimidating procedure among the public.
Using the phrase “This tool is not your enemy”, Prof. Dr. Tailor said, “With a colonoscope, it is possible to enter the intestine and look at it, and if there is a polyp, it can be removed. You don’t get cancer when you get the polyp, either. We need to reconcile the society with the colonoscope. Colonoscopy is now done under sedation. Patients do not experience any pain or suffering. It ends in a short time, they can continue their work within that day”.
What is type 2 diabetes? Why does it happen? Symptoms and treatment
Our diet will change in the next 10 years, the government must intervene
prof. Dr. Cem Terzi, stating that Turkey is at the border point in the development process, emphasized that with the current trends, it will start to eat like western countries in the next 10 years, and this shows that the increase in obesity and Type 2 diabetes will continue. Stating that this change means that all types of cancer and chronic diseases will increase, Prof. Dr. Tailor pointed out that at this stage, steps should be taken for a solution.
Sausage, salami, sausage causes cancer warning!
Underlining that as ready-made food is consumed in society, cancer and obesity increase, Prof. Dr. Cem Terzi said: “Turkey’s traditional diet will be brought forward, so we will save ourselves as a society from getting fat, Type 2 diabetes and cancer. This is a decision for politicians and state levels to make. Because if you pave the way for ready-to-eat food consumption, processed meat consumption, all of the ready-made industrialized products, especially the poor segments of the society, turn to ready-made food, since it is cheaper.
As we consume ready-made food, obesity increases, exposure to carcinogenic substances increases, diabetes increases, chronic diseases increase, cancer increases. Colon cancer is a condition that is very much related to nutrition. Therefore, if we consume so much salami, sausages, sausages, eat so many ready-made pizzas, eat so many hamburgers, switch from Turkish cuisine to western-style cuisine and turn our eating habits into this, both our cancer rates and obesity rates will increase a lot.
The prices of ready-made foods, salami and sausages that children eat at schools, that are sold in canteens, and that they are not taxed and sold very cheaply create a disadvantage against traditional cuisine. Therefore, the state should definitely take measures in terms of public health here,” he said.
Stating that pastrami is suitable for health among processed foods, Prof. Dr. Terzi said, “We can only exclude bacon among these foods because bacon does not undergo this type of processing. It is air dried. Apart from that, no matter how much 100 percent beef is written on the salami, sausages and sausages we eat, they are harmful to health both because they are red meat and because they are processed meat. Burgers are also unhealthy because they are pre-prepared, processed meat. It is harmful for colon cancer and harmful for other chronic diseases. “We have to be very careful about these issues,” he said.