Solarium is at least as harmful as cigarettes and especially dangerous for young people.
Those who run to solarium clinics with the dream of a permanent tan should not ignore the risk of cancer. However, the solarium turns into addiction for some. Saying that solarium is at least as harmful as cigarettes, Dermatology Specialist Dr. Burcu Işık said, “Bronze is still out of fashion and there is a great demand for solarium among young people. Considering the risk of developing cancer in later life, those under the age of 18, those with red or blond hair and light skin color, those with a personal or family history of skin cancer, especially those with multiple moles, should not go to the solarium. exp. Dr. Işık gave the following information about the harmful effects of solarium:
Artificial ultraviolet lamps used in solariums emit 95% UVA and 5% UVB rays. While UVA rays are more effective in skin aging, UVB rays are held responsible for skin cancers. The relationship between ultraviolet radiation and skin cancer needs to be known. The longer the exposure to ultraviolet radiation, the greater the risk of developing skin cancer. Also, the skin ages faster. Especially those advertised as fast or 10-minute tanning devices are quite harmful as they emit high doses of ultraviolet light. You need to stay away from them. In a study conducted in the USA, it was revealed that the use of solarium under the age of 35 increased the risk of developing melanoma by 75%. Since the risk of melanoma increases as the number of annual uses increases, it takes 10-15 years for the carcinogenic effect to emerge. It is estimated that the number of melanomas will increase in this period.
Those with tattoos and moles are at increased risk
The World Health Organization stated that ultraviolet solarium devices cause cancer in many people, and the International Cancer Research Center defined the solarium as a carcinogen in 2009. In the light of all this information, it is not possible to mention that the solarium provides healthy tanning. Especially in salons with relatively cheap session prices compared to the market, whose filters and bulbs are not changed on time, and whose filters are removed and used, the risk is even higher. In addition, the risk of developing skin cancer; It also depends on many factors such as the skin type of the person, his age, the total dose and the number of sessions he received, and the moles on his body.
Solarium harms fair-skinned people more
People with fair skin, blond or red hair, light eye color, those under the age of 18, those with multiple moles, those with a history of frequent sunburn in childhood, those with skin cancer or precursor lesions, and those with a family history of skin cancer should not use the solarium. . On the other hand, people who have spots and scars on their skin due to the sun, those who use cosmetic products, and those who have tattoos on their body should stay away from the solarium. In addition, under no circumstances should one enter the solarium after epilation or skin care.
The first ban on solarium in the world began to be implemented in Brazil. Then, in many countries such as Belgium, Austria, Germany, Spain and Canada, the use of solariums for those under the age of 18 was banned. Turkey is conducting a similar study on this issue. While the use of solariums under the age of 18 will be prevented, those over the age of 18 will be allowed to use the solarium consciously by signing a consent form. The standardization of solarium centers will be rearranged.
Effects of solarium on the skin
- In the early period, it can increase infections such as herpes by affecting the immune system together with the risk of burns.
- It accelerates skin aging when used for a long time.
- If the skin is not completely cleaned (cosmetics, make-up, perfume, after epilation etc.), stains may occur.
- If photosensitizing drugs are used, it may cause phototoxic and photoallergic reactions.
- Solarium increases risk of melanoma and other skin cancers