Reduce the risk of colon cancer in 11 steps! Here are expert suggestions
Stating that environmental factors are effective at a rate of 70 percent in the formation of colon cancers, Gastroenterology Specialist Prof. Dr. Levent Demirtürk said, “Colon cancer, which is the 3rd most common cancer in Europe, is a preventable type of cancer, and it is possible to reduce the risk by making changes in our eating habits and lifestyle. City life, inactivity, unbalanced diet and obesity Colon cancer In other words, it increases the risk of colon cancer. In colon cancer, approximately 70% of patients are over the age of 65 and early diagnosis is important in its treatment.
Age is the most important risk factor
Stating that age is the main risk factor for colon cancer, Prof. Dr. Demirtürk reported that the incidence of colon cancer has increased since the age of 50. Explaining that people who lead a sedentary life, consume a lot of red meat, processed meat and solid fats, eat poorly from fruits, vegetables and fibrous foods, and prefer foods cooked in direct contact with coal, are at risk. Dr. Demirtürk said, “People who have inflammatory bowel disease, who have pre-cancer polyps in their intestines, who have a family history of colon cancer and who have other cancers that have been detected before, should have their check-ups done because they are in a significant risk group.”
What is colon cancer? Causes, symptoms and treatment methods
If you have discomfort in your stomach, be sure to consult your doctor.
Drawing attention to the importance of early diagnosis in colon cancer, Prof. Dr. Demirtürk recommended that people who feel discomfort in their stomach, abdominal pain, change in defecation habits, weight loss, weakness, fatigue, bleeding, iron deficiency anemia (anemia) should consult a doctor.
Expressing that the symptoms of colon cancer and the process of emergence of these symptoms can vary, Prof. Dr. Levent Demirtürk gave the following information: “Cancers on the right side of the intestine may not show symptoms until more advanced periods; however, we encounter earlier symptoms of cancers located near the breech area or on the left side of the intestine. If the person’s first-degree relative, i.e. mother, father and siblings, has colon cancer and this relative is younger than 65 years of age when cancer is diagnosed, every five years from the age of 40, and every five years from the age of 50 if the relative’s age is over 65 when cancer is diagnosed. must.
It is important that healthy individuals who do not have colon cancer in a first-degree relative and who do not have any suspicious complaints should have a colonoscopy every 10 years starting from the age of 50, and a fecal occult blood test screening in the interim periods.
prof. Dr. Demirtürk drew attention to the fact that those who have a family history of this disease should take every symptom into account and not disrupt their regular check-ups, and that the gold standard in the diagnosis of colon cancer is colonoscopy.
11 tips to reduce the risk of colon cancer
Expressing that it is possible to reduce the risk of colon cancer with simple changes in our lives, Prof. Dr. Demirtürk listed what needs to be done for this:
- Add exercise to your life. Physical exercise should be done at least three days a week for 45-60 minutes. Remember, you don’t need to go to the gym to exercise; You can take brisk walks.
- Reduce consumption of red meat and processed meat.
- Take care to consume white meat and vegetable proteins.
- Increase consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Consume foods rich in calcium, fiber, Omega 3 and B vitamins.
- Avoid saturated and solid fats.
- Do not consume foods that are cooked in direct contact with charcoal.
- Get rid of your excess weight.
- Find out if there is a history of colon cancer in your family and do not neglect to get screened.
- Even if there is no colon cancer in your family, have a colonoscopy at the recommended times starting from the age of 50, since the age of 50 is an intermediate risk group for colon cancer.
- Stay away from alcohol and cigarette.