prof. Dr. Tansu Sipahi Answered 20 Most Frequently Asked Questions by Mothers

Frequently Asked Questions by Mothers

1. When does my baby urinate and defecate for the first time, how many times a day?

Babies urinate for the first time within 24 hours of birth, and defecate within 48 hours. The first stools are called meconium, they are dark green in color and have a sticky consistency. Afterwards, the feces of breastfed babies turn golden yellow. They can pass stools up to 7-8 times a day and in a runny consistency. Breastfed babies can poop 7-8 times a day, as well as every 3-4 days. It can be light green from time to time. However, when there is dark green, stinky, blood in it, a pediatrician should be sought.

2. How many hours should I breastfeed my baby?

In the newborn period, the baby should be breastfed whenever he wants. In the first days, this may be at frequent intervals, such as every 2 hours. Later, when the milk is sufficient, this period can be increased to 3 hours when more milk starts to come.

3. When does the navel fall, how should I take care of it?

The umbilical cord falls off in 7-10 days. If this period is delayed, you may need to consult your pediatrician to be evaluated for navel inflammation or other diseases. Until the navel falls, the diaper should be tied under the navel and the umbilical cord should be prevented from getting wet.

4. When can I wash my baby?

Babies can be bathed the next day after the umbilical cord falls off. Before the umbilical cord falls off, they are cleaned by wiping with a clean, soft cheesecloth with warm boiled water. It is appropriate to wash them every day or every other day in summer and 2 days a week in winter. The temperature of the bath water should be 37-38 degrees (you can control it by sticking your elbow), and the temperature of the bathing room should be between 22-24 degrees. Before the bath, the baby should not be full, otherwise there will be a risk of vomiting what he eats and getting into his lungs.

5. How much water should I give my baby to drink?

Since breastfed babies meet their water needs from breast milk, they do not need water, there is no need to give water, but formula fed babies may need water. Water can be given after feeding.

6. How should I put my baby to bed?

It is healthy to lay the baby on his back or side. The face sheep laying that was used in the past is no longer used. It has been reported to cause sudden infant death (sudden infant death).

7. How is jaundice in babies, what should I do?

Yellowing of the white parts of the eye (sclera) and skin in a newborn baby is called jaundice. Jaundice starts first in the eyes and face, then descends to the trunk and then to the arms and legs. If jaundice has appeared within the first 24 hours, if the baby has weakness, difficulty in sucking, if jaundice is increasing gradually, if the color of urine is dark, the color of stool is white (acholic stool), or if jaundice lasts longer than 14 days, a doctor should be consulted.

8. What should my baby’s room temperature be?

The baby’s room should be between 22-24 degrees. The air in the room should be humid and not dry. In sunny and clean weather, the room should be ventilated for 10-15 minutes.

9. How can I clean my baby’s ear?

Ears remove the dirt they produce over time, cleaning with cotton swabs is no longer recommended. With a clean thin cheesecloth tip, the earwax that comes out should be removed gently, pushing inwards should be avoided.

10. When and how to cut my baby’s nails should i cut it?

If possible without cutting the skin with special baby nail clippers, if the baby is cut while sleeping and after the bath, it will be easily cut and the baby will not be restless. Babies’ nails grow very fast and because they are very sharp, they can damage and scratch the baby’s skin. For this reason, it may be necessary to cut it at frequent intervals by monitoring its elongation.

11. My baby wakes up frequently at night, what can I do?

If your baby wakes up frequently at night, you should first check if he has a fever. This may be a sign of a disease. Apart from this, the most common problem we see is the baby’s gas problem, which we call infantile colic. In order to overcome this problem, you should learn the breastfeeding technique from your doctor and prevent air swallowing. If their crying lasts for a long time, consult your pediatrician and have a urine test if necessary.

12. When will my baby’s fontanel (fontanel) close?

Your baby’s anterior fontanelle (fontanelle) closes on its own in 18 months, and if its posterior fontanelle is open at birth, it closes on its own in 4-6 weeks. Meanwhile, head circumference and fontanelle size are measured and recorded by your physician every month.

13. Do we need to have my baby’s heel bleed?

For the early diagnosis of hypothyroidism and phenylketonuria from your baby, heel blood should be taken for screening purposes. This process is done at the center or health centers where you gave birth after 72 hours. You will not be notified unless there is any problem in your baby’s heel blood.

14. Which of my baby’s special vaccines would you recommend?

Apart from the vaccination schedule, your baby has two special vaccines. The first of these is the rotavirus vaccine (diarrhea vaccine), the second is the meningitis vaccine. You can learn the dates and benefits of these vaccines from your doctor.

15. Can I use a walker for my baby?

We do not recommend using a walker for your baby. Because babies who use walkers may experience problems in the development of the hip structure. In addition, a momentary lack of attention in the control of babies in the walker can cause the walker to turn over, the baby to fall or be injured by hitting a hard object.

16. Will I start my baby on vitamins?

If your baby is not premature, there is no need to start a multivitamin. Vitamin D should be started at 15 days of age and continued until walking.

17. When will I start iron drops for my baby and how long will I use them?

There is no need to routinely give iron drops to all babies. Under the control of your pediatrician, a simple blood count should be made at the age of 6 months, and if necessary, iron medication (with a preparation containing 2 precious iron) should be started and used for the period recommended by your doctor. In babies with normal blood tests, iron supplementation is extremely unnecessary and does more harm than good.

18. When should I try to sit my baby up?

After the 6th month, you can sit your baby with support. Sitting the baby before this period can harm hip development.

19. My baby can hear, I realize, do I still have to have a hearing test?

Hearing test is a routine screening test applied especially in hospitals where you gave birth. In order for this evaluation to be objective, we recommend you to have a hearing test and we aim to benefit from early diagnosis and treatment opportunities in case of any problem.

20. My baby has discharge and burring in his eyes; what should I do?

Burr in the eyes of a newborn baby may indicate inflammation of the eye (Conjunctivitis). You should contact your pediatrician immediately. This may be an infection or an underlying tear duct obstruction. You can get information about this from your doctor.

prof. Dr. Tansu Sipahi

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