Pay attention to 9 important signs of lung cancer! Life-saving alerts!
Lung cancer, which is rapidly spreading in the world and in our country, is defined as the second most common cancer type after prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women. Lung cancer, the most important cause of which is shown as smoking; It can manifest itself especially with shortness of breath, wheezing, sudden weight loss or various pains. This cancer, which is among the most frightening types of cancer, can be successfully treated and prolonged its lifespan, thanks to developing medical and technological opportunities. Oncology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Serkan Keskin gave information about the symptoms and treatment of lung cancer.
Uncontrolled proliferation of malignant cells in the lungs causes lung cancer. Lung cancerThe most important reason is smoking. Those who are at risk of smoking-induced lung cancer can greatly reduce this risk by staying away from cigarettes, pipes, cigars, hookahs and environments where these products are consumed. People who are at risk due to genetic factors, asbestos, radon gas, air pollution, and high levels of arsenic in drinking water can minimize this risk by improving their living conditions.
What are the symptoms of lung cancer? Causes, diagnosis and stages
A cough that does not go away can be a sign of lung cancer
Lung cancer, which is the most common cause of death in both men and women, progresses insidiously and often gives no symptoms. Many people find out they have lung cancer when they have a chest X-ray for another disease.
Lung cancer symptoms
- Persistent shortness of breath and wheezing
- Persistent and increasing cough, bloody sputum
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Chest, back, shoulder, scapula, arm and leg pain
- difficulty swallowing
- eyelid drooping
- recurrent infections
- clubbing of fingers
Don’t neglect the lung scan
The insidious progression of lung cancer and the emergence of advanced stages has revealed the importance of diagnosing the disease at an early stage. For this reason, researches point out that those who are at risk of lung cancer, especially smokers, should have a screening test over the age of 50. Lung cancer, which can be diagnosed at an early stage as a result of these screenings, can be completely eliminated with the applied treatments.
Patient-specific diagnosis and treatment is applied
Studies have revealed that lung cancer is not a single type of disease, as in other types of cancer, and that there are different types. For this reason, genetic tissue analysis is performed for patients diagnosed with lung cancer before starting treatment. According to the results of the analysis, the patient is diagnosed with lung cancer and it is decided to continue with either chemotherapy or smart drugs or immunotherapy.
What has changed in lung cancer diagnosis and treatment plans?
Widely used in the treatment of lung cancer chemotherapy gives a mostly positive response. Efforts are being made to increase this rate. One of them, immunotherapy, aims to strengthen the body’s cancer-fighting capacity by increasing the rate of cancer-fighting cells in the human body many times over. The body of a healthy person is constantly at war with cancer cells. However, when cancer occurs, the person’s body is insufficient in this battle. Immunotherapy provides an effective treatment by regulating this weakness.
The risk increases with age
Malignant tumors that develop with the uncontrolled growth and proliferation of abnormal cells in the tissues of both or one of the lungs reveal the picture of lung cancer. Age is an important factor in lung cancer. The incidence increases with increasing age. While lung cancer may rarely occur under the age of 45, it is usually diagnosed between the ages of 50 and 70. The incidence of lung cancer in women is increasing.
What is chemotherapy? How is it applied, what are the side effects?
Quit smoking, reduce your risk by 50%
In order to prevent lung cancer, which is a preventable disease, smoking should be stopped first. By quitting smoking, the risk begins to decrease, and after approximately 10 years, the risk of developing lung cancer decreases by approximately 50 percent. Not smoking and staying away from smoking environments is the simplest way to prevent lung cancer. 85% of lung cancer cases are caused by smoking. One pack of cigarettes consumed per day increases the risk of lung cancer 20 times.
Proper nutrition is important for treatment
Many studies on lung cancer show that people who consume at least 5 servings of fruit and vegetables a day have a lower risk of lung cancer. There are factors that can increase the risk of cancer as well as measures that reduce the risk of lung cancer. For example, it is known that smokers consume foods rich in “vitamin A and beta carotene”, which increases the risk.
Successfully treated at an early stage
When the symptoms of lung cancer are encountered, a doctor should be consulted. Diagnosis can be made by detailed examination, taking a family history, and appropriate tests. Lung cancer can be successfully treated when detected in the early stages. Lung cancer treatment shape; The type of cancer is determined by the size, location, extent of the tumor and the general condition of the patient. Today, thanks to modern treatment methods, the quality of life and duration of patients have increased.
Lung cancer treatment: Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy
Immunotherapy eliminates advanced lung cancer
Until now, long-term control of the disease in advanced lung cancer was almost impossible. However, long-term control of the disease is now possible with immunotherapy. Even if some patients are in advanced stages, there is a possibility that the disease will disappear completely. Immunotherapy is administered with serum every 2 or 3 weeks. Immunotherapy, which should be performed by specialist physicians and expert centers, is successfully applied in our country and increases the quality of life.