Pay attention to 8 signs of female cancers!

Among the most common cancers in women, after breast cancer, types of genital organs take the first place. Since some of the female cancers show early symptoms, it is possible to be diagnosed and treated completely in a short time. However, it is necessary to be very careful about cancers that progress without any symptoms. Memorial Antalya Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Department Prof. Dr. Murat İnal gave information about women’s cancers and treatment methods.

The aim is to minimize the tumor burden in the patient.

Gynecological oncology, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of female genital cancers and precancerous lesions; It includes the surgical treatment of cancers of the uterus, cervix, ovary, tube, vagina and vulva. Surgery is at the forefront in the treatment of gynecological cancers, as in many other types of cancer. However, the decision of which method to apply; It is given specifically to each patient by considering factors such as the type of cancer, stage, age of the patient, performance status. Because in some cancers, the expectation to be obtained from surgery at certain stages and the expectation of radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be similar or lower. Aim; minimizing the tumor burden in the patient and trying to achieve maximum well-being with additional treatments.

These symptoms can be seen in gynecological cancers;

  1. Bleeding or discharge in a woman who has gone through menopause
  2. Irregular period
  3. non-menstrual bleeding
  4. Pain after sexual intercourse, abdominal pain and discomfort in the abdomen
  5. swelling in the abdomen
  6. eating and drinking disorders
  7. Itching, sores or swelling in the vaginal area
  8. Bleeding after sexual intercourse

The 12 most important symptoms of female cancers!

The surgery is performed by entering through 5 mm incisions.

Laparoscopic surgery is an increasingly effective treatment method in uterine cancers, cervical cancers and ovarian cancers detected at an early stage. Thanks to this method, the duration of the patient’s stay in the hospital, recovery, return to work and social life is shortened and there is no significant cosmetic skin damage in the patient. Laparoscopy is a closed surgical method in which almost any operation can be performed in the field of gynecological oncology. This operation is performed by entering a camera with a diameter of 10 mm from the navel and 5 mm incisions in 2 or 3 places in the lower abdomen. Since a long and wide incision is not made in the abdomen of the patient in this method, it has many advantages over the classical open surgery.

These factors can increase the risk of cancer in women;

  • Obesity
  • Irregular menstruation
  • not having any children
  • Infertility
  • Use of tamoxifen to treat or prevent breast cancer
  • in the family uterine cancer have a history
  • a history of diabetes, high blood pressure, gallbladder disease or thyroid disease
  • Long-term use of non-progesterone estrogen for the treatment of menopause
  • Long-term use of high-dose birth control pills
  • Cigarette

It is very important for women not to disrupt their regular gynecological examinations and to make lifestyle changes in terms of cancer prevention. Awareness about cancer should be created from childhood; From eating habits to exercise and sleep patterns, life planning should be done correctly.

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