Obesity triggers breast cancer and cancerous cells multiply
Scientific studies reveal that obesity-related cancers develop at a rate of 4 percent in men and 7 percent in women. Breast, esophageal, pancreatic, colon, uterus, kidney, gallbladder and thyroid cancers are more common in obese people. Obesity, especially in women who have gone through menopause breast cancerincreases the risk. According to the 2014 health survey of the Turkish Statistical Institute, the ratio of obese individuals to the population in Turkey was determined as 19.9 percent. The research revealed that 24.5 percent of women and 15.3 percent of men are obese.
Stating that obesity triggers many types of cancer, especially breast cancer, Prof. Dr. Koray Topgül made the following determinations: “A study conducted in the United States of America in 2007 found that obesity-related cancer developed at a rate of 4 percent in men and 7 percent in women. Obesity is known to increase the risk of breast cancer, especially in women who have gone through menopause.
Cancer cells multiply faster in obese people
prof. Dr. Topgül gave the following information about obesity-induced breast cancer cases:
- Oesophageal, pancreatic, colon, uterus, kidney, gallbladder and thyroid cancers are more common in obese cases. Famous Italian Tenor Luciano Pavarotti, who struggled with obesity during his life, also died of pancreatic cancer.
- Obese people have high insulin and growth hormone levels. Fat cells increase the production of certain hormones, such as leptin. These hormones, which contribute to cell proliferation, also trigger the spread of cancer. In addition, there is a condition that can be called subacute in obese people, which is seen in chronic low-intensity infections, which suppresses the immune system and causes the proliferation of cancer cells.
People who have been obese since youth are at greater risk
- Estrogen is the most important factor in the development of breast cancer. A long period of exposure to estrogen is a risk factor. Menstruation at an early age and late menopause increase the risk of breast cancer by prolonging the period of exposure to estrogen.
- Normally, the ovaries, which are the main source of estrogen in women during menopause, do not produce hormones. However, the situation is slightly different in obese people. Adipose tissue produces a significant amount of estrogen during this period. The more obese the person, the more and long-term estrogen release from the adipose tissue. Therefore, the body is under the influence of excess estrogen and this increases the risk of breast cancer. This risk is higher in postmenopausal women who are obese from an early age (18-50). In other words, the risk is higher in people who have been obese since their youth and carry obesity after menopause. Studies have shown that this risk is higher in white (European) women.
Could cholesterol be an important factor triggering breast cancer?
Obesity surgeries reduce cancer risk
Noting that bariatric surgery (obesity surgeries) has played an important role in the fight against obesity in recent years, Prof. Dr. Koray Topgül, “Research shows that the risk of cancer decreases after bariatric surgery. Unfortunately, lifestyle changes, sports and diet are not very effective methods in the fight against obesity. In bariatric surgery, we provide effective weight loss in a short time. I think that these surgeries, which also reduce the risk of obesity-related cancer, are very important and necessary. Obesity surgery is not an aesthetic surgery, it is applied for the treatment of obesity. With this method, which is the only radical treatment for obesity today, the risk of obesity-related cancer can also be reduced.” said.