Not every lump in the breast means cancer!
Are breast cysts common?
There are more than one benign disease of the breast. However, the most common of these is fibrocystic disease of the breast. In the definition of fibrocystic disease, fibro means hard tissue and cyst means a fluid-filled sac. It occurs in almost every 2-3 women. It is most common between the ages of 30-35.
What symptoms do breast cysts cause?
As they will not cause any complaints, they may manifest themselves with pain, feeling of fullness and tenderness in the breasts, especially in the premenstrual period, or a palpable mass in the breast. Especially the complaint of breast pain or a palpable mass immediately arouses the fear of cancer in women. However, only 5-10% of breast cancer is associated with pain. Pain complaints are frequently encountered in breast cysts, which are benign diseases of the breast.
How is the diagnosis made?
The diagnosis of cystic disease of the breast is made by ultrasonography. Cysts can be single or they can be found widely. Cysts with homogeneous contents, smooth margins, millimetric dimensions and no complaints in the patient can be followed by ultrasonography at certain intervals without biopsy. If growth and irregularity are observed in ultrasonography follow-ups; Needle biopsy can be done. In cases where the size of the cyst exceeds 2 cm, the contents of the cyst can be evacuated with a needle under ultrasound guidance. In case of recurrent cysts despite the three-times repetitive draining procedure, surgical removal of that area can be used.
If You Have a Breast Cyst…
In breast cysts, follow-up is often sufficient. When needed, the cysts can be evacuated under ultrasound guidance. In addition, we recommend patients to wear a bra day and night, to eat caffeine-free, and to have a salt-free diet during the premenstrual period. Painkillers can be taken in cases where breast pain is intense. Some herbal extracts, which are reported to reduce premenstrual abdominal pain and also shrink cysts in the breast, can be used.
Do breast cysts turn into cancer?
Not every palpable tissue in the breast is a mass, and every mass does not mean cancer. Approximately one in 10 masses carries the possibility of cancer. However, even if it is proven to be benign, every breast mass should be followed up at regular intervals. Fibrocystic disease itself is a benign disease. However, women who have had this disease at some point in their life are three times more likely to develop breast cancer than those who have not.
How should the follow-up be?
It is wrong to wait for a mass to come to the hand in order to have a breast control. Because early diagnosis of breast cancer is only possible with screening programs. At the beginning of the screening programs, the person’s self-examination comes first. Manual examinations can be started from the age of 20. The week after the end of the period is the ideal examination time. After the age of 35, people should be examined by a general surgeon once a year and the first mammographythey must be pulled. After the age of 40, women at risk should have a mammogram once a year, and women without risk factors should have a mammogram every two years. After the age of 50, all women should have a mammogram annually. Ultrasonography can often be performed together with mammography.
What is mammography? How to shoot? How is the result evaluated?