Keep your gut happy with the Mediterranean diet, prevent cancer

Colon cancer is among the most common cancer types both in our country and in the world. It has been shown in various scientific studies that the Mediterranean diet, which contains high amounts of vegetables, fruits, fish, olive oil, nuts such as walnuts, significantly reduces deaths due to cancer and atherosclerosis. Liv Hospital General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Hakan Yanar talked about colon cancer prevention, screening and treatment methods and the importance of nutrition.

What are the causes of colon cancer? Who are at risk?

More than 90 percent of colon cancers are caused by pre-existing polyps. While polyps before the age of 50 are rare, after the age of 50, the incidence of polyps and therefore the cancer rate increases. A diet rich in fat and poor in fiber, having colon cancer in first-degree relatives in the family, inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease increase the risk of colon cancer.

Can colon and rectal cancers be prevented? Early diagnosis and symptoms

Is colon cancer dangerous?

Colon cancer, for which early diagnosis is very important, is a type of cancer that does not show any symptoms and progresses slowly. This cancer, which is especially seen in people aged 50 and over, can be treated with early detection. Colon cancer is among the 2nd or 3rd most common cancers in the world.

What are the symptoms of colon cancer?

  • Anemia
  • Constipation
  • audience
  • Rectal bleeding
  • blood in stool
  • Abdominal thinning
  • Changing the ablution order
  • Inability to go to the toilet and relax
  • Abdominal pain lasting longer than 15 days

How can early diagnosis be made?

Although stool occult blood and immunohistochemical tests are used in colorectal cancer screening, the most useful method is colonoscopic examination. The goal should be to remove polyps that may develop cancer during colonoscopy, without the need for surgery, while still in the polyp stage. For this reason, in those who do not have a family history of colon cancer, the first colonoscopy should be screened at the age of 50, and if it is found to be normal, colonoscopy should be repeated at ten-year intervals. In individuals with a family history of colon cancer, the first colonoscopy should be performed 10 years before the age of onset of cancer.

Surgery remains superior in the treatment of colon cancer!

How is colon cancer treated?

The standard treatment method is surgery. However, it is vital to remove some healthy colon tissue and surrounding lymph nodes along with the tumor during the surgery. Surgery that affects long-term survival, recurrence of the tumor or spread to distant areas should be performed by experienced surgeons. Today, these surgeries are performed with a high success rate without incision in the abdomen with laparoscopy and robotic surgery methods. The advantages of laparoscopic and robotic surgeries include much less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stay, and little or no scarring at the operating site. In tumors very close to the rectum, removal of the large intestine can be prevented by preoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy methods.

DON’T IGNORE RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Get regular screening tests.
  • Consult your doctor without wasting time in case of prolonged constipation and rectal bleeding.
  • Instead of a sedentary lifestyle, do moderate-intensity exercise 4-5 days a week.
  • Follow a diet rich in fiber, low in fat, not heavy in protein.
  • Avoid cigarettes and alcohol.
  • Maintain your ideal weight.
  • It has been shown in various scientific studies that the Mediterranean diet, which contains high amounts of vegetables, fruits, fish, olive oil, nuts such as walnuts, significantly reduces deaths due to cancer and atherosclerosis.

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