It is possible to reduce the risk of cancer by 40%
Stating that some risk factors such as unhealthy diet, smoking and alcohol use, and exposure to chemical substances are among the most important reasons for the increase in cancer cases in recent years, Prof. Dr. Şeref Kömürcü stated that the risk of cancer can be reduced by 40% by avoiding these risk factors and making lifestyle changes. prof. Dr. Şeref Kömürcü gave comprehensive information about ways to prevent cancer.
Cancer is a term used to describe a group of more than 200 diseases that affect one or more organs or areas of the body. It is the uncontrolled growth of damaged cells in a particular tissue or organ to form a mass or tumor. One out of every 7 people gets this disease at some point in their life.
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Pay attention to environmental factors against cancer!
Many factors, from genetics to environmental factors, have a role in the development of cancer. Hereditary changes in genes, diet, various viruses and bacteria, chemical agents such as asbestos and benzene, radiation from radioactive materials and sunlight, hormones and immune system are important in the development of cancer. The most important and preventable of these are environmental factors. These factors can lead to the development of cancer by disrupting the normal cell program in the body.
Genetic characteristics are also very important in cancer.
Research on whether genes predispose to certain cancers is still ongoing. Hereditary cancers constitute only 5-10% of all cancers. Individuals may become predisposed to cancer by inheriting a defect in tumor suppressor genes that prevent tumor development and by the contribution of smoking. Some genes belonging to the hereditary transmission of breast and ovarian cancer have been identified. A genetic predisposition to the development of polyps in the large intestine increases the risk of developing colon cancer.
Under the influence of genetic and/or environmental factors, chain events begin that transform a normal cell into an abnormal cell and an abnormal cell into a cancer cell. Cancer develops as the body’s immune system does not recognize the changes in the cell and the abnormal cell divides and multiplies. There is evidence that lifestyle factors such as smoking and unhealthy diet play a role in the formation of many cancer cells.
Carcinogenic effects damage the DNA structure of each cell, which contains the genetic information. The cell, which is out of the body’s control with its deteriorated genetic structure, begins to divide uncontrollably. The proliferating cells appear as an abnormal mass or swelling. The development continues towards the surrounding healthy tissues, and the cells that break off from this spread to other parts of the body via the blood and lymph system and develop a cancer picture.
How to reduce cancer risk?
Studies reveal that the greatest hope in the fight against cancer is lifestyle change. The two most important issues in preventing cancer are choosing healthy foods and avoiding carcinogens such as cigarettes. Recent studies show that up to 40% reduction in cancer development can be achieved with a diet rich in vegetables and fruits, a non-smoking life, regular physical activity and maintaining a healthy body weight. This means the prevention of 3-4 million new cancer cases in the world every year.
Nutrients are the vitamins, minerals and fibers necessary for a good and healthy life; they also contain bioactive molecules that have protective effects and are known as antioxidants. They protect the body against many serious diseases, including cancer.
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Heed Warning Signs in Cancer
A significant portion of the most common cancers in Turkey can be detected early with effective and easy-to-apply public health screening approaches. For example, breast mass for breast cancer, bleeding after sexual intercourse for cervical cancer, blood in the stool for colon cancer, skin spots that change shape or color for skin cancer, hoarseness lasting more than two weeks for laryngeal cancer are early warning signs.
If the society is sensitive to these findings, early recognition and complete cure of related cancers may be possible.