It is possible to cure cancer by burning the tumor

Dr. Halil OzturkGiving information about cancer treatments, President of Turkish Association of Interventional Radiology Prof. Dr. Mehmet Halil Öztürk stated that different interventional radiological procedures have become very important in the fight against cancer, and the most important of these are the incineration procedures by reaching the tumor through the skin and the treatments by reaching the tumor intravenously.

Tumor burning processes, Stating that there are treatments that can eliminate cancer at rates similar to surgical removal in tumors that have not reached a very large size, Prof. Dr. Mehmet Halil Öztürk, said: “Therapeutic nonvascular (related to extravascular organs) interventional radiological applications are very diverse according to different anatomical regions and diseases, and they include fluid drainage such as abscess / cyst treatments, catheter interventions for kidney or bile ducts, radiofrequency or microwave It includes tumor burning processes such as ablation. Diseased fluid collections such as abscesses or cysts can be drained and treated by passing through the skin with special needles and placing a catheter there, accompanied by imaging. With this method, diseases such as kidney cysts and hydatid cysts that could only be treated with surgical methods can be easily eliminated.”


Öztürk stated that radiofrequency or microwave energies in tumors are transmitted to the diseased area with a needle, accompanied by imaging, and the tumor is removed by burning it, creating high heat. Explaining that the needle was removed after the cancer tissue was destroyed by this heat, Prof. Dr. Mehmet Halil Öztürk said: “All these procedures are performed without the patient going to open surgery, with a hospitalization period of 1-2 days, and patients can return to their daily life in a short time after the procedure. This method is mostly used in the treatment of liver tumors. However, it is a method that can potentially be used in many tumors. This treatment is different from the heat treatment process, which is referred to as hyperthermia treatment. In the treatment of hyperthermia, the whole or part of the body is heated to 40-42 °C to weaken and damage cancer cells, and it is an auxiliary treatment method complementary to treatments such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It is not capable of killing the tumor by itself.

However, in radiofrequency or microwave methods, it is aimed to destroy the tumor itself, not the body or a part of the body, and the burning process is applied with a temperature of 60-100 °C, not the heating process. This treatment method was first applied to patients in the 1990s, but in the last 10-15 years, its frequency has been increasing in our country. When this treatment method is used in the appropriate patient group, it has been shown that approximately 90 percent of the tumors can be burned, and the 5-year survival rate of the patients can reach 65 percent.


Stating that another procedure that interventional radiologists use in cancer treatment is chemoembolization, Prof. Dr. Mehmet Halil Öztürk stated that in this procedure, it is also applied in liver tumors (liver own tumors or other organ tumors that have metastasized to the liver), and that the vein feeding the tumor in the liver is reached by angiographic way, and the related cancer drug (chemotherapeutic agent) is injected directly into the tumor tissue. What is done is not just giving drugs directly into the tumor,” he said. Stating that the drug is given by loading into some special microspheres, there is a regular drug release from these microspheres that are loaded with drugs. Dr. Öztürk noted the following: “In this way, intra-tumor chemotherapy with a continuous and high drug concentration is obtained. On the other hand, microspheres contribute to the treatment by causing malnutrition in the tumor with their occlusive effect. Since the drug is administered directly into the tumor with this method, a much better effect is obtained, and side effects are also much less for the same reason. In systemic chemotherapy, chemotherapeutic drugs are administered into the systemic circulation and can damage normal tissues as well as tumor cells. Therefore, the side effects that develop in patients receiving systemic chemotherapy are quite high, and sometimes the patient may terminate the treatment voluntarily due to these side effects. Again, there is a need for systemic chemotherapy to be done in more than one session at certain intervals, called cure, and this process can take weeks. On the other hand, chemoembolization is a treatment method that is completed within a few hours, and since it is applied only to the arterial system feeding the tumor, there are no systemic side effects. For this reason, it is referred to as an effective and comfortable treatment method for the patient.”

Saying that another newly developed treatment similar to chemoembolization is radioembolization, President of the Turkish Society of Interventional Radiology Prof. Dr. Öztürk concluded his words as follows: “The system here is similar to chemoembolization. However, the microspheres used here are loaded with radioactive substances, not drugs. In this way, radiotherapy is applied directly into the tumor. This method also has the advantage of higher response due to direct intra-tumor application. Again, thanks to the direct intra-tumour, other organ damage of radiotherapy is minimized.”




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