Is it possible to reduce the risk of cancer? Here are 7 golden protective rules from the experts
Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. In our country, nearly 200,000 people are diagnosed with cancer every year. However, with a few positive changes in lifestyle, cancer can be prevented by 30-40 percent. Oncology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Soley Bayraktar gave information about cancer prevention methods. A significant distance has been covered by developing technology in the fight against cancer, which is a disease that can be caught by people of all ages, regardless of women, men and children. Thanks to all these advances, early diagnosis of cancer is possible with practical examinations and its treatment is facilitated. Taking into account genetic inheritance, lifestyle and environmental reasons, the risk of cancer is minimized with simple precautions.
Eliminate cigarettes and alcohol from your life
Smoking and alcohol, especially lung; It increases the risk of head and neck, lip, intraoral, large intestine, pancreas, kidney, liver, bladder, cervix and breast cancers. Even people who are next to smokers can become passive smokers and face the risk of lung cancer. For this reason, the most important favor we can do for ourselves and our environment is to remove all smoking products and alcohol from our lives.
It is possible to reduce the risk of cancer by 40%
Don’t miss garlic and onions on your table
Eating healthy and organic products does not completely eliminate the risk of cancer, but this risk is minimized. Staying away from refined sugar and animal-based foods; Consuming plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grain products and legumes can help people stay at ideal weight and protect them from many diseases, especially cancer.
Processed foods increase the risk of cancers such as esophagus, pancreas and large intestine. Instead of processed products on the table; Cancer-free brazil nut, broccoli, salmon fish, avocado, cauliflower, onion and garlic can be preferred.
Exercise regularly and stay at ideal weight
By staying at an ideal weight, the risk of kidney, prostate, lung, large intestine and breast cancer can be minimized. There are numerous benefits of doing 150 minutes of aerobic exercise per week. Dividing this time into daily exercises of 30 minutes of moderate difficulty will ensure that the person stays very active and is physically and mentally healthy.
Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, but it is the easiest to prevent if precautions are taken. For this reason, it is necessary to use the sun rays, which is one of the most important causes of skin cancer, in a controlled and conscious way. During the summer months, it is necessary to stay away from the sun’s rays between 10:00 and 16:00.
Regular exercise and sports are vital to prevent cancer.
In mandatory cases, it is necessary to wear a sunscreen with a factor of at least 30, to wear long-sleeved t-shirts and trousers, to use a wide hat and sunglasses. In order to tan, you should definitely stay away from the solarium.
Don’t neglect your vaccinations
- Hepatitis B virus can cause liver cancer. It is extremely important for those working in the health sector, those who have intercourse with more than one person, children, those who use drugs, and homosexual individuals to have hepatitis B virus vaccination.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cervical cancer, cancers of the genital organs and cancers in the head and neck region. The HPV vaccine is recommended for both boys and girls when they reach the age of 11-12. If the person did not have this vaccine as a child, they can have it at any age.
Avoid risky behavior
The most important point to be considered in order to prevent cancer is to stay away from dangerous behaviors. For example, dangerous sexual relations should be avoided. Having multiple partners and not using condoms during sexual intercourse increase the risk of cancer.
How to eat to prevent cancer? Risks and recommendations…
HPV and HIV viruses are sexually transmitted and these viruses can cause cervical cancer, liver cancer, head and neck cancer, cancers of the genital areas (anus, penis, vulva, vagina), sarcoma, lymphoma and lung cancer.
Have regular doctor checkups
It is possible to detect some cancers at an early stage with screening. These are breast, cervix, lung, large intestine and skin cancers. Cancers that are caught at an early stage are both easier to treat and have a higher chance of success.