How should a healthy diet be after the diagnosis of breast cancer?

After being diagnosed with breast cancer, making healthy dietary and lifestyle choices can help improve your overall health, reduce your chances of heart disease and osteoporosis, and recurrence of breast cancer. The most important diet and lifestyle choices you can make in this regard are: Maintaining a healthy weight, reducing fat consumption, exercising regularly, and drinking very little alcohol, if any. breast cancer Healthy eating and lifestyle habits recommended after diagnosis can lower the risks for diabetes and other types of cancer.

This information is essential for you if you have trouble eating or have lost weight unplanned. with a dietitian about your nutritional needs Talk to.

Steps You Can Take

Achieve and maintain your ideal weight.

A healthy weight reduces the risk of developing new cancers and other chronic diseases. If your body weight is already in a healthy range, you are ahead 1-0. If you’re above your ideal weight, aim for a gradual weight loss of ½-1 kg per week.

  • You can follow a dietitian to create your personalized, sustainable diet program with portion sizes and the right food choices.
  • Increase your physical activity. (If you’re still inactive, check with your doctor first.)
  • Choose high fiber foods.

For Cancer Prevention

Help you plan your diet Get support from an expert. Eating less fat is essential for reducing the risk of heart disease and maintaining a healthy weight. A low-fat diet may also reduce the risk of breast cancer, especially for women who are losing weight.

  • Choose plenty of vegetables, fruits, grains, beans and lentils: at least 2/3 of your plate should be filled with a vegetable and 1/3 or less with animal foods.
  • Consume low-fat milk.
  • Include healthy fats (such as olive oil and canola oil) in your daily diet, but be mindful of the amount – no more than 30 to 45 mL per day
  • Limit processed foods high in sugar and fat.

Be active every day.

Regular exercise can help improve your quality of life and reduce the risk of breast cancer. It also helps you stay at a healthy weight. Start with 30 minutes of physical activity each day. If you aim for 60 minutes or more of vigorous physical activity (for example, jogging, tennis) each day for 60 minutes or more (for example, brisk walking, cycling, dancing, swimming) or 30 minutes for your fitness level, limit sedentary activities such as watching TV and sitting at the computer.

A relationship was found between high cholesterol and breast cancer risk

Avoid alcohol.

Alcohol of any kind increases your risk of breast cancer. There hasn’t been a lot of research on the effect of alcohol after you were diagnosed with breast cancer, but research suggests that alcohol may increase the risk of breast cancer. Avoiding alcohol may make sense. If you choose to drink alcohol, limit it to 1-2 per week. One drink is equivalent to 350 mL bottled beer or 150 mL table water or 45 mL liquor (eg vodka, whiskey, rum or gin).

Aim for the recommended amount of calcium and vitamin D intake

Calcium and vitamin D are important for strong bones. Some breast cancer treatments can increase the risk of osteoporosis, so getting enough calcium and vitamin D is important. Current recommendations for women are:

Calcium: Aim to meet your calcium needs through foods. Supplements can make up for the difference between the recommended intake and the ratio your diet provides.

Age We aim Do not exceed (from food and supplements)
19-50 years 1000mg/day 2500mg/day
more than 50 years 1200mg/day 2000mg/day

Vitamin D: In addition to drinking 500 ml (2 cups) of milk or soy milk each day for vitamin D, anyone over 50 should take a daily supplement that provides 400 IU of vitamin D. A vitamin D supplement is the recommended daily amount.

Age We aim Do not exceed (from food and supplements)
19-70 years 600 IU/day 4000 IU/day
more than 70 years 800 IU/day 4000 IU/day

If you have had or are undergoing treatment for cancer that increases your risk of bone loss, your recommended amount of calcium and vitamin D may be higher. Talk to your doctor or dietitian to determine your personal needs.

What happened to phytoestrogens?

Plant estrogens are substances found in plant foods that can act like the hormone estrogen. Plant estrogens are called phytoestrogens. The main food sources of phytoestrogens are soybeans, soy foods (such as tofu and soy milk), and flaxseed. Other plant foods may contain phytoestrogens, but not in high amounts.

Soy and flaxseed are healthy foods, but it is not known whether women with breast cancer should consume soy foods or flaxseed. New research has found that soy foods are safe after breast cancer diagnosis when eaten in an amount similar to typical Asian diets (two servings per day). Soy supplements, such as concentrated or pill-form soy products, should not be taken. One serving of soy: 250 ml (1 cup) soy drink, 125 ml (1/2 cup) tofu, 60 ml (1/4 cup) roasted soybeans, or 175 ml (3/4 cup). Flaxseed is safe when used sparingly (such as 1-2 tablespoons of ground flaxseed per day) as part of a healthy diet.

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