Hoarseness and drooping eyelids may be a sign of lung cancer

The vast majority of people with lung cancer use tobacco products. In the early diagnosis of insidiously progressing lung cancer, screening tests to be performed once a year are important. Especially people who smoke and are exposed to various chemicals should have screening tests once a year. prof. Dr. Şeref Kömürcü gave information about the symptoms and treatment of lung cancer.

Lung cancer can progress very quietly without symptoms.

While the lungs provide oxygenation of the body, division and proliferation take place for regeneration in the cells according to the need. Sometimes due to some reasons, this division and proliferation becomes uncontrolled and forms masses and these masses become cancerous. Lung cancer does not always give very clear findings. Pain occurs when the mass enlarges, exceeds the pleura and touches the chest wall.

Prolonged hoarseness may be a sign of serious illness.

Lung cancer symptoms vary depending on where the cancer is located.

The most common symptoms of the disease; cough, blood in sputum and sudden weight loss. However, lung cancer findings may vary depending on the location. A mass located in the upper part of the lung can compress some nerves and cause pain in the arm and shoulder, hoarseness, and drooping eyelids.

Since these complaints can be seen in many diseases, they can be neglected. Any upper respiratory tract infection, lung infection, musculoskeletal pain can also cause these complaints. If the duration of these symptoms exceeds a few weeks, a doctor should be consulted without delay.

Small cell lung cancer is spreading faster

Lung cancer is roughly divided into two groups according to the way they appear under the microscope. The first is small cell lung cancer and the other is non-small cell lung cancer. The majority of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancers. These cancer types have a slower course. Small cell lung cancer, on the other hand, can divide and multiply faster and spread to other organs.

Women who smoke are also at risk of lung cancer

All tobacco and tobacco products such as cigarettes, cigars, pipes and hookahs are the most important risk factors for lung cancer. Approximately 90% of patients with lung cancer use one or more of these tobacco products. A small group, like 10%, can get lung cancer without using tobacco products.

A cough that does not go away can be a sign of lung cancer

Lung cancer is more common in our country, especially in women, due to the increase in tobacco consumption. In developed countries, the risk of lung cancer has begun to decrease due to tobacco use control.

If you have been smoking for a long time, you should have a chest x-ray or low-radiation tomography once a year.

People who use tobacco products and have occupational exposure to various chemicals should have a chest x-ray or low-radiation tomography once a year. Early diagnosis of the disease with these screening methods greatly increases the chance of success in treatment. Another important point in the diagnosis is the clinical evaluation of the patient when symptoms occur. After that, the areas showing signs should be examined with imaging methods such as tomography, MR and PET CT.

Staging first and then appropriate treatment in lung cancer

When a lung mass with a risk of cancer is found in the tests, the diagnosis is confirmed by taking an external biopsy of this mass with bronchoscopy or tomography. After this pathological evaluation, the cell type is determined and the staging phase is started. In staging, first of all, the size of the lung cancer mass, lymph node involvement and whether there is distant organ involvement are determined. Then the appropriate treatment method is selected.

Lung cancer treatment planning varies according to the person and the type of cancer.

In treatment planning, it is necessary to evaluate the characteristics of the patient and the disease. Medication and treatment modalities vary in patients with chronic diseases such as heart, kidney, and liver. The treatment approach in non-small cell lung cancer, especially in the early stage, is surgery and radiotherapy.

In surgical intervention, the mass is removed appropriately. The procedure is planned as removing one or both lobes of the lung or removing one side of the lung completely. A lymph node sampling is taken from the region in the middle of the two lungs called the mediastinum. According to the result, the need for radiotherapy or systemic treatment is determined. Radiotherapy can be applied in tumors with clear borders without damaging other tissues.

https://www.medikalakademi.com.tr/akciger-kanser-belirti-tedavi/

Smart drugs and chemotherapy effective in lung cancer treatment

Since small cell lung cancer is seen and evaluated as a systemic disease from the beginning, chemotherapy or other systemic treatment methods are preferred. Systemic treatments; chemotherapies, biological agents, targeted agents called smart molecules. These treatments are determined and applied individually.

There are some tumor markers that have been investigated for this. By utilizing targeted drugs for these markers, the appropriate treatment program for the cell type and stage is determined. Classical chemotherapy is still used. In addition to these, additional treatment programs can be added that ensure the disappearance of the cancer as soon as there is a disruption in the cell conduction system that stops cell growth.

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