Early diagnosis of colon cancer reduces the death rate

Colon and rectum cancers, popularly known as large intestine, are among the most common types of cancer. Noting that advances in early diagnosis, medical and surgical treatments reduce the death rate, experts emphasized that irregular life, alcohol and cigarette use are among the important risk factors in cancer, the incidence of which increases after the age of 50. General Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. Şerafettin Özer pointed out that colon and rectum cancers are the most common cancer sites of the digestive system.

Stating that 140 thousand new diagnoses are made annually in America and more than 50 thousand patients die due to this reason, Op. Dr. Şerafettin Özer stated that for this reason, colorectal cancer is the third deadly cancer.

Noting that advances in early diagnosis, medical and surgical treatments have reduced the mortality rate in colorectal cancers in recent years, Op. Dr. Şerafettin Özer said, “It is essential to determine the appropriate target population for early diagnosis and to determine the risk factors for cancer development in order to screen.”

Pointing out that many factors play a role in the causes of colon cancer, Op. Dr. Şerafettin Özer gave the following information about these factors:

Age: Age is the main risk factor for colorectal cancer, its incidence increases gradually after the age of 50. More than 90 percent of the cases are over 50 years old. However, colorectal cancer can occur at any age.

Familial factors: While 80 percent of colorectal cancers develop spontaneously, 20 percent have known familial colorectal cancer.

Environment and diet: Diets rich in saturated or unsaturated fat (animal fat consumption) increase the risk. Diets rich in oleic acid, such as olive oil, fish oil, or coconut oil, do not increase the risk. Diets rich in vegetable fibers, calcium, selenium, vitamins A, C, E and carotenoids, and consumption of plant phenol reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Alcohol intake, obesity, and a lifestyle of irregular or no physical activity increase the risk.

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Inflammatory bowel diseases: Patients with long-standing inflammatory bowel disease-related colitis have an increased risk for colorectal cancer.

To smoke: Smoking (especially more than 35 years), patients whose urinary tract is connected to the colon, acromegaly, pelvic radiotherapy (treatment of prostate cancer with radiotherapy, etc.) are factors that increase the risk of colorectal cancer.

There are risk factors such as familial existence, being over 50 years old, irregular lifestyle, alcohol and cigarette use, animal food diet habits, regional radiotherapy, obesity, and presence of inflammatory bowel disease.

Attention to bowel habit change and weight loss

Bowel habit change (diarrhea or constipation), rectal bleeding, black soft stools, unexpected anemia (low blood) and weight loss Emphasizing that colorectal cancer should come to mind when findings like these are seen, Op. Dr. Şerafettin Özer warned, “When these findings are seen, examinations and tests such as colonoscopy and rectoscopy should be performed, and early diagnosis should be provided.”

Kiss. Dr. Şerafettin Özer concluded his words as follows: “Even if these symptoms are not present, it is especially recommended for people with risk factors to have a colonoscopy after the age of 40. Necessary planning regarding treatment after early diagnosis is made in consultation with the relevant branches. Our General Surgery Clinic has the opportunity to perform the necessary surgical treatment with our competent specialists and advanced technological facilities.”

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