Early diagnosis is very important for breast cancer treatment! Watch out for these symptoms

Early diagnosis saves lives in breast cancer, which is responsible for 14% of cancer deaths. Pointing out that breast cancer is a very common disease, General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Metin Çakmakçı said, “Every year, 1.4 million women are diagnosed with breast cancer. The lifetime risk of developing breast cancer for a newborn girl is around 12%, which is a very high rate. breast cancerThere is no magic formula to avoid it. The most important thing is for women to have regular check-ups,” he says.

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. For this reason, many studies are being conducted on breast cancer. Although there are promising developments in both diagnosis and treatment methods, losing the advantage of early diagnosis makes the treatment of the disease difficult.

5 critical signs and new treatment options in diagnosing breast cancer

The critical period for breast cancer is 40-45 years.

Stating that the risk of breast cancer increases with age and the significant age limit for regular physician check-ups is between the ages of 40-45, Prof. Dr. Çakmakçı said, “Our recommendation is that those who are at risk after the age of 40 and every woman after the age of 45 should have a regular examination every year and have mammography and ultrasonography done. Due to the structure of the breast, sometimes mammography cannot give much information and in some cases, it is necessary to monitor it with an MRI.

Need to be careful after 20 years

Reminding that every woman should do breast self-examination every month from the age of 20, know the breast structure and be aware of the changes, Prof. Dr. Çakmakçı said, “As women with risk factors, for example, a family history of breast cancer and using hormones, are in a special risk group, physician examinations should start from the age of 20.”

If there is in the family, beware.

Explaining that about 10 percent of breast cancer is genetic, Prof. Dr. Çakmakçı said that women with breast cancer, especially in their mother, aunt or sister, are at risk and should not neglect their doctor’s check-ups.

Breast cancer in all its details in 25 questions: Answers to frequently asked questions

Stating that the onset of menstrual bleeding at the age of 12 and younger also increases the risk of breast cancer, Prof. Dr. Çakmakçı gave the following information: “We know that having dense breast tissue, that is, more than 75% of the total area in mammography, increases the risk of breast cancer 4-6 times. The important thing in breast cancer is to catch the disease before the symptoms appear. The most common symptom is noticing a mass in the breast; However, not every lump in the breast is cancer. The aim of early diagnosis is to detect non-palpable masses.

It is possible to determine the risk of cancer

Can learn the breast cancer risk of women. We have a large pool of information to identify risks. When we enter the answers to this pool by asking questions to women whose family has recurrent or younger history of breast cancer or another type of cancer, we can find out the risk of that woman’s breast cancer numerically.

According to the percentage of risk seen in the results, we can take precautions against breast cancer. In addition, tests in which we investigate the presence of the gene that causes cancer play a very important role in early diagnosis and prevention of the disease.

Healthy living reduces risk

Although it seems that a magic formula against cancer has not been found yet, it is possible to greatly reduce the risk of developing cancer with a healthy life. At the beginning of healthy living conditions, eating healthy, exercising regularly, getting rid of excess weight, and most importantly, not smoking. In order to reduce the risk of cancer, it is necessary to really care about living a healthy life.


Know your breast, listen to the symptoms

Early diagnosis saves lives. Women should recognize the breast tissues and follow the changes closely. In breast cancer; There may be differences in the breast and nipple. These:

  • Mass in the breast or under the armpit,
  • Thickening of the breast tissue,
  • Change in the size and shape of the breast,
  • Swelling, scaly and red appearance on the breast skin or tip,
  • Orange peel image on breast skin
  • bloody nipple discharge

These symptoms may not always be a sign of cancer. A doctor should be consulted for a correct diagnosis. If You Answer “Yes” to These Questions, Consult an Expert!

If you answered “yes” to any of the following questions:

  • Have you or any of your family members been genetically tested and found to have damaged BRCA or other breast cancer susceptibility genes?
  • Have you, or a first- or second-degree relative, been diagnosed with breast cancer when you were under the age of 45?
  • Do you have two or more relatives from the same part of your family who have been diagnosed with breast cancer?
  • Do any of your relatives have cancer in both breasts?
  • Do you have a first-degree male relative with breast cancer?

If you answer “yes” to at least two of the following questions:

  • Are you over 65 years old?
  • Have your previous mammograms been reported as “high breast density”?
  • Have you had many radiological examinations or received radiotherapy to the chest area for any other reason?
  • Have you been treated for breast cancer in the past?
  • Have you had a breast biopsy before and any suspicious results have been reported?
  • Do any of your relatives have multiple ovarian cancer?

If you answer “yes” to at least three of the following questions:

  • Do any of your relatives have pancreatic cancer?
  • Do any of your relatives have prostate cancer?
  • Do any of your relatives have brain cancer?

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