Does the Mediterranean Diet Have a Benefit for Osteoporosis?

According to a study of approximately 1,150 people, the Mediterranean diet has been shown to be a good option for bone health.

It was discovered that elderly people with osteoporosis who followed a Mediterranean-like diet for 12 months had a lower rate of hip bone loss than their peers who did not adhere to the diet.

Osteoporosis increases the risk of fracture by reducing bone mass and degenerating the structure of bone tissue.

Hip fractures are common in the elderly with osteoporosis.

There has been extensive research on the many health benefits of the Mediterranean diet, which is rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, fish, bran, and olive oil.

More than 1,000 volunteers aged 65–79 living in France, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland and the United Kingdom were included in the study.

The study is the first to examine the effect of a Mediterranean diet on bone health in European countries.

Although a Mediterranean-like diet has been shown to have little or no effect on participants with normal bone density, found to reduce bone loss in individuals with osteoporosis.

Bones and osteoporosis

Bone is not a dead substance, but a living tissue that can renew itself. Its main components are protein collagen and a mineral called calcium phosphate. These make bones flexible, strong and durable.

Bone goes through a continuous cycle in which old bone tissues are destroyed and new ones are formed. From birth through adolescence and early adulthood, “bones are constantly being renewed” and increase in size, weight and density.

Around age 30, however, bone mass begins to decline as bone density and strength peaks gradually change.

Osteoporosis, which makes bones fragile; It is a preventable and treatable disease that increases the risk of fractures in the hip, wrist and spine.

osteoporosis; Occurs when the rate of resorption (destruction) is too fast or formation (regeneration) is too slow and in individuals who do not reach the “optimal peak bone mass”.

After menopause, the rate of bone loss increases in women, who account for about 80 percent of osteoporosis cases.

A decrease in bone density was also seen in bone density measurements (lumbar-lumbar spine and whole body) in two patients in the Mediterranean diet group in participants with osteoporosis. However, an “equivalent increase” in bone density in the femoral neck was observed.

The femoral neck is the top of the thigh bone just before the ball-shaped end that fits into the socket of the hip joint. Bone loss in the femoral neck is often the cause of hip fracture, which is common in the elderly with osteoporosis.

MedicalNewsToday, Osteoporosis: Mediterranean diet may slow bone loss, 2018


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