Causes of breast cancer and the most effective prevention methods
Giving information about breast cancer prevention methods and precautions to be taken, General Surgery and Surgical Oncology Specialist Prof. Dr. Abut Kebudi; “Every year, more than one million women worldwide are diagnosed with breast cancer, and 400,000 of them die from breast cancer. breast cancer, While it is the most common type of cancer in women, it is the second leading cause of death from cancer in women. Based on data such as age, family history, previous breast biopsy, detection of potentially risky pathologies, age at first menopause, age at menopause, age at first live birth, and race, a 5-year and lifetime risk of developing breast cancer can be estimated. possible to be. It is possible to reduce the possibility of getting breast cancer by acting consciously or to reduce the damage from this disease with treatment,” he says.
Noting that the incidence of breast cancer increases with age, Prof. Dr. Abut Kebudi gives the following information: “Three out of four cases are in the postmenopausal period. The aim of combating such an important and common disease is to try to reduce the incidence of this disease and to catch the disease as early as possible in cases where this disease develops.
For this, risk factors are being studied in terms of getting the disease. Only 5-10% of breast cancers are due to genetic structure. There are some genes identified in this regard, and studies are progressing. Especially in first-degree relatives with breast or ovarian cancer, these tests are useful to determine the risk.”
Emphasizing that people at risk for the development of breast cancer should be determined by various studies, Prof. Dr. Abut Kebudi draws attention to the importance of data such as the age of the person, family history, whether a breast biopsy has been done before, if it has been done, the detection of pathologies that may be risky, the age of the first menstruation, the age at which he entered menopause, the age at which he gave his first live birth, and his race. Kebudi mentions that based on these data, the risk of developing breast cancer for 5 years and for life can be estimated.
Emphasizing that breast cancer is more common in overweight (especially post-menopausal) people, it is less common in people who do sports. Dr. Abut Kebudi said, “Although we cannot change the genetic structure, it is possible to prevent cancer or reduce the risk by regulating the lifestyle. At this point, measures such as regular exercise, coping with stress, paying attention to nutrition, not smoking are important.
The fact that breast cancer is seen in almost every 7 women in western societies increases the importance of early diagnosis. With early diagnosis, it is possible to get rid of the disease to a large extent or to suffer little damage. In addition, when early diagnosis is made, treatments (surgical and oncological additional treatments) are also more limited and better cosmetic results are in question.
The recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) are as follows:
- Every woman should do a monthly (lifelong) breast self-exam starting at the age of 20.
- Between the ages of 20 and 40, every three years (even if he has no complaints!) he should go for an examination to a surgeon experienced in breast diseases.
- From the age of 40, he should go to a surgeon who is experienced in breast diseases once a year (for life).
- A person between the ages of 40-49 should have a mammogram every two years if they are not in a risky situation, and once a year if they are at risk.
- After the age of 50, mammography should be taken once a year (according to some opinions, every 2 years depending on the risk status of the patient).
It is possible to reduce the possibility of getting breast cancer by acting consciously or to reduce the damage from this disease with the least treatment.
To reduce the risk of breast cancer, it is necessary to lead an active life