Beware of sudden swellings and growths in the neck! can be a sign of cancer

causes of thyroid diseaseThyroid cancer has become a common type of cancer today. Thyroid cancer, which can be seen most frequently in women, can progress insidiously without any symptoms. General Surgery Specialist Op. Dr. İlker Abcı gave comprehensive information: Cancer, which is formed by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the thyroid gland, can reveal itself as a nodule that occurs in the anterior part of the neck. It is of great importance that nodules are taken seriously and that risky nodules are examined and followed up regularly.

Iodine deficiency is the biggest risk factor!

  • It is more common in women.
  • Patients with nodules in the thyroid gland are at risk.
  • People who underwent radiation therapy to the head and neck region during childhood should pay attention.
  • Although the exact cause is not known, those exposed to radioactive substances are at risk, especially since it is more common in people exposed to some radioactive substances (such as uranium).
  • It can be seen in people with iodine deficiency.

Thyroid cancers can progress insidiously without symptoms.

Most thyroid cancers may have no complaints. In most patients, thyroid cancer can be recognized when it has progressed to a certain level and spread to the lymph nodes. Although the disease does not show many symptoms; Symptoms such as swelling in the neck, feeling of discomfort in the throat, pain, difficulty in swallowing, difficulty in breathing, hoarseness, weight gain, irritability, weakness in the hair and dry skin can be observed in patients.

The 13 most important symptoms of a thyroid disorder

When diagnosed early, the success rate of treatment is very high!

With early diagnosis and treatment, the disease can be completely eliminated. First, tests are done to determine the level of thyroid hormones in the blood. Valuable information about the presence, size and structure of the nodule can be obtained with ultrasonography to be performed after manual examination. Again, with needle biopsies taken from the nodules, their cellular features can be recognized. When the diagnosis is made, the patient is operated and the thyroid gland is removed. Depending on the type of cancer, lymph nodes may need to be intervened. With minimally invasive techniques made with the developing technology, it is possible for the patient to return home the next day with minimal stitch scars.

In addition, some types of thyroid cancers may require radioactive iodine treatment after surgery. In this treatment, it is aimed to destroy cancer cells in other parts of the body by being exposed to certain doses of radioactive iodine in armored hospital rooms according to the extent of cancer spread. With the treatment process, the patient’s TSH value can be kept under constant control and the possibility of cancer recurrence can be prevented.

How is thyroid cancer diagnosed and how to start treatment?

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