Back pain that does not go away can be a sign of spinal cord tumor

The spinal cord, which provides information exchange between the brain and organs, may also encounter tumors from time to time. Stating that spinal cord tumors, which almost hit people “in the back”, are no longer a threat with the help of microsurgery and radiosurgery when treated early, Brain and Nerve Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Serdar Kahraman said, “With the use of microscope and the developments in microsurgery technique, both the rate of complete tumor removal and the success of clinical results have increased significantly.”

The spinal cord, called a “nerve bundle” that provides the electrical connection between the brain and organs, is protected by a thick membrane, just like the brain. The electrical connection is carried out mutually between the protected canal (spinal canal) in the middle of the vertebrae and the spinal cord extending from the brain to the waist. Just as the commands from the brain are sent to the internal organs or arms and legs, the information from the body is carried to the brain via the spinal cord.

Visual and speech disorders may be a sign of a brain tumor

Problems that may occur in the spinal cord, which has such a vital function, can lead to clinical pictures that can partially or completely prevent this information and order exchange in the mildest way. Loss of the ability to feel and move our limbs, which we call sensory or motor (paralysis).

Most spinal cord tumors are benign

Emphasizing that one of the problems threatening our spinal cord is tumors, Prof. Dr. Serdar Kahraman said, “These are not tumors that spread from other organs to the spinal cord; Primary (own) tumors arising directly from the nervous tissue, spinal cord membranes, or nerve sheaths. They make up about 10-15 percent of nervous system tumors and some of them can be hereditary. Exposure to mutational agents are important risk factors, as in all other tumors, except for hereditary causes. For example; smoking, radiation, foods with additives. However, most of the spinal cord tumors are benign and can be surgically removed or reduced microsurgically.

No symptoms should be taken lightly

Stating that patients usually consult a doctor with important findings ranging from mild symptoms such as pain complaints, difficulty walking, and difficulty using their hands to partial or complete paralysis, Prof. Dr. Serdar Kahraman said, “Some of these findings may also affect the survival time of the patient before the treatment. For example, the patient’s loss of strength, the rate of progression of the disease, urinary incontinence and the diagnosis of the tumor by pathological examination after surgery stand out as the most important factors at this point. If there is any doubt about the examination findings, the first choice imaging method is MR. Sometimes CT (computerized tomography) can also be used for tumors affecting the spinal bones. Of course, after the diagnosis, some additional tests may be needed depending on the predicted tumor type.

Hope to walk again for spinal cord paralysis

Success rates increase with microsurgery

Underlining that the surgical results of spinal cord tumors are increasing with the developing technology, Prof. Dr. Serdar Kahraman continued his words as follows: “Especially with the use of microscope and the developments in microsurgery technique, both the rate of complete removal of the tumor and the success of clinical results have increased significantly. With the neuro-monitoring technique, which has been put into practice in recent years, the electrical functions of the spinal cord can now be easily observed during the surgery. Thus, we can say that the spinal cord injuries that may occur during the surgery are reduced to the lowest level.

After the surgery, the patient can be discharged from the hospital in a few days if everything goes smoothly; He can return to his daily life in about 4-6 weeks. Additional treatments depending on the pathological diagnosis of the tumor; that is, radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be applied. Of course, there is another treatment added to these, especially in recent years; radiosurgery (such as CyberKnife). Spinal cord tumors are benign and cannot be seen again when all of them are removed by microsurgery. However, it is necessary to take additional treatments for malignant ones, although they can still recur.”

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