A cough that does not go away can be a sign of lung cancer

lung-cancer-tumorLung cancer is the most common cancer after prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women, and the most lethal cancer both in the world and in Turkey. 80-90% of lung cancer develops due to smoking. Chest Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Ali Metin Görgüner gives the following information on the subject: The rate of getting cancer increases 5 times in those who smoke 10 cigarettes a day, and 24 times in those who smoke 40 cigarettes a day. When smoking is abandoned, the incidence of lung cancer decreases. At the end of five years, it is reduced to half the rate of non-smokers. Those who smoke cigars, pipes and hookahs are also at higher risk. The types of cigarettes called “light cigarettes” do not reduce the risk of cancer, and some lung cancer may increase the likelihood of species development. The risk of lung cancer increases in those who are in a smoking environment even though they do not smoke.

Those who work in these jobs beware!

Although it has less effect than smoking, the risk increases if the person smokes and breathes polluted air. The risk is high for those working in asbestos-containing industries such as shipbuilding, insulation, repair of brake linings. In addition, exposure to radon gas can cause lung cancer. People who work in uranium mines and are exposed to radon gas have an increased risk of lung cancer.

What are the symptoms of lung cancer? Causes, diagnosis and stages

People with any type of cancer in their family need to be more sensitive. The risk of lung cancer is also high in those who have had tuberculosis before and those who have a disease with lung hardening. Some dietary factors may also play a role in the development of lung cancer. The risk increases especially in those who are fed with foods deficient in vitamins A and C and selenium.

The screening test recommended in some countries for lung cancers today; low-dose computed tomography (DDBT). This screening method, which has been used in some countries, is recommended for people aged 55-74 who have a heavy smoking history (30 pack-years or more), continue to smoke or quit within the last 15 years. However, since tuberculosis and occupational diseases (dust-related lung diseases) that can cause benign nodules (spots) in the lung are common in our country, it is not routinely recommended yet.

A cough that does not go away may be a sign of lung cancer

The most important symptoms of lung cancer are a persistent cough that bothers the person for a long time, coughing up blood from the mouth, shortness of breath, chest and arm pain that does not go away, hoarseness, recurrent or delayed lung infections, swelling in the neck and face, loss of appetite, weight loss and is fatigue. The disease may not cause a significant complaint until it reaches quite advanced stages. For this reason, when the above symptoms are felt, the person should go through a doctor’s control.

Lung cancer symptoms and new treatment options in 10 questions

Lung Cancer Diagnosis and treatment methods;

Today, diagnosis and staging of lung cancer can be done easily with computed tomography, positron emission tomography (PET), and advanced endoscopes with ultrasound at the tip. In recent years, successful treatments have been performed with closed surgical methods in early stage patients who require surgical treatment.

In recent years, smart drug treatments have started to be developed against various molecules that cause cancer in lung cancer. Vaccine therapy is one of them. However, surgical treatment, which is the main treatment of lung cancer, chemotherapy or radiotherapycannot take its place. Today, it can only be used in patients who do not benefit from chemotherapy or radiotherapy, after these treatments are finished or in combination with them.

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