A cough that does not go away can be a sign of lung cancer
The earlier the diagnosis of lung cancer, which is one of the most common and deadly cancer types, is like all cancer types, the higher the success of treatment. For this reason, knowing the symptoms of lung cancer is vital for everyone. Professor of Chest Diseases, who said that the reason for the high death rate in lung cancer is late diagnosis because the patients do not take the symptoms into account, and therefore the treatment is started late. Dr. Ferah Ece “Lung cancer symptoms are usually not taken into account by the patient. For example, the patient thinks that the sputum he produces is due to smoking. On the other hand, it may be delayed to interpret back pain as muscle pain and apply to a physician. Again, blood in the sputum is thought to be due to irritation in the throat after coughing too much. However, in the slightest blood coming from the sputum, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
What kind of disease is lung cancer?
Lung cancer occurs as a result of uncontrolled proliferation of cells in the lung tissues, especially in the airways. Thus, damage to the surrounding tissue or loss of lung function occurs. This uncontrolled proliferation can also result in spread (metastasis) to organs other than the lung. The most important cause of this type of cancer, which has a very high mortality rate, is exposure to cigarettes and tobacco smoke. In addition, factors such as genetic factors, exposure to radon gas and asbestos, and air pollution are also blamed.
What symptoms should suggest lung cancer?
- Shortness of breath
- prolonged cough
- bloody sputum
- Loss of appetite, weight loss
- Back pain is the most common complaint. Patients with these complaints should definitely consult a doctor.
Why is the death rate high in lung cancer?
Lung cancer symptoms are often not taken into account by the patient. For example, because the patient smokes, he thinks that his cough or sputum production is related to smoking. On the other hand, it may be delayed to interpret back pain as muscle pain and apply to a physician. Again, blood in the sputum is thought to be due to irritation in the throat after coughing too much. Lung cancer is usually diagnosed late because the doctor is consulted late.
Risk factors in lung cancer
- Cigarette: The development of cancer depends on the number of cigarettes a person smokes, how long he has smoked, and how deeply he inhales.
- Cigar and pipe: Cigar and pipe smokers are at higher risk of developing cancer than non-smokers.
- Environmental tobacco smoking (Passive smoking): The risk of developing cancer increases with exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. This is called involuntary smoking or passive smoking.
- Radon: Radon is an invisible, odorless and tasteless radioactive gas composed of soil and rocks. It can cause cancer by affecting the lungs.
- Asbestosis: Asbestos is the name of a group of minerals found as natural fibers used in different industries. Asbestos fibers are easily broken into small pieces and go to the lungs with respiration, causing damage and can cause lung cancer.
- Environmental pollution: A relationship has been found between air pollution caused by petroleum products in our environment and lung cancer.
- Personal story: A person who has had lung cancer before is more likely to develop lung cancer again than someone without a previous history of lung cancer.