8 Ways to Reduce Cancer Risk…

Medical Oncology Specialist Assoc.  Dr.  Ahmet Bekir OzturkThe role of the genetic factor in the formation of cancer cannot be ignored, no matter how healthy you try to live, you have a risk of developing cancer, but studies reveal that at least one third of all adult cancer cases are related to one’s lifestyle.

Medical Oncology Specialist Assoc. Dr. We talked to Ahmet Bekir Öztürk…

  1. Quit smoking! When we look at the death rates from cancer, it has been seen that lung cancer ranks first. A large proportion of lung cancer is caused by smoking. At the same time, smoking is the leading cause of all other cancers. According to a study by the Journal of the American Medical Association, when smokers cut a pack of cigarettes in half a day, their risk of lung cancer was reduced by 27%. Even if you don’t smoke, exposure to secondhand smoke continues to increase your risk. Studies have shown that a large proportion of people diagnosed with lung cancer are caused by exposure to cigarette smoke.
  1. Maintain your healthy weight. Did you know that obesity and obesity account for 14% of cancer-related deaths and 3% of cancer cases each year? If you want to reduce your cancer risk, you need to stay within a healthy weight range and stay as lean as possible. Because overweight and excessive body fat are one of the important risk factors for esophageal, pancreatic, gallbladder, breast, uterus and kidney cancers.
  1. Make exercise your routine. Physical activity is an important protective factor in many types of cancer. Studies have shown that moderate exercise every day has a very important role in preventing many common types of cancer.
  1. Eat healthy. Make room on your table for foods such as tomatoes and watermelon containing lycopene. But stay away from vegetables and fruits that contain starch.
  1. Stay away from alcohol! Studies have shown that alcohol consumption triggers cancer as well as many other diseases. The risk increases gradually, especially when alcohol and cigarettes come together.
  1. If you can’t handle your stress, learn to manage it. Although there is no convincing evidence that stress is an independent risk factor in the formation of cancer; Unhealthy behaviors such as overeating, smoking and consuming drugs that people do to cope with stress increase the risk of cancer. Therefore, if you are under stress, try relaxation methods such as meditation, yoga or keeping a diary.
  1. Don’t neglect your routine checkups and screening tests. Many screening tests such as mammogram, PAP Smear, colonoscopy and prostate specific antigen (PSA) test are not used to prevent cancer; It is done in order to catch it early and treat it. When having these screening tests, be sure to act by taking into account your family history (if there is a cancer risk in your family, the quality and timing of the screening tests may change).
  1. Find out your family history. If there is a risk of cancer in your family, you can create a personal strategy to reduce this risk and catch it early.

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