8 reasons for the formation of polyps in the intestine and methods of prevention

Colon polyps, which are shown as the cause of more than 50% of colon cancers, can occur due to many risk factors. Apart from unchangeable causes such as familial predisposition, genetic factors and advanced age; Polyp formation can be prevented by lifestyle changes. Consumption of foods rich in fiber, which is one of the rules of healthy eating, Mediterranean diet, and regular colonoscopy after the age of 50 for people with a first degree relative with a history of polyps also significantly reduce the risk. prof. Dr. Yıldıran Songür gave information about the risk factors and treatments that cause intestinal polyps.

Can colon and rectal cancers be prevented? Early diagnosis and symptoms

Advanced age is the most important factor for polyp formation.

Polyps found in the large intestine are of two types and are generally considered benign. One is polyps that can turn into cancer over time when left, called “adenomatous”, and the other is polyps that have no or very low cancer potential, such as “hyperplastic polyps”.

Therefore, especially adenomatous polyps should be detected and eliminated by colonoscopy. Polyp formation increases with age. While the probability of having a polyp is around 10% to 15% in people aged 30-40, this rate rises to 35%-40% in people aged 70-80.

These factors increase the risk of polyps;

  1. be over 50
  2. Having a family history of colon cancer
  3. a sedentary lifestyle
  4. Diet rich in fat
  5. Consumption of large amounts of meat, especially processed meat products
  6. smoking habit
  7. overweight
  8. Frequent and regular alcohol intake

The first sign of cancer may be a polyp.

There is also a relationship between the size of the polyps and their susceptibility to cancer. Generally, the larger an adenomatous type of polyp, the more likely it is to develop cancer. For example, a 2-3 cm polyp is more likely to turn into cancer than a 5 mm polyp. But this does not mean that small polyps will not become cancerous. Because cancer can sometimes show itself with polyps.

Surgery remains superior in the treatment of colon cancer!

Watch out for stomach and bowel movements!

  • Bleeding from the rectum
  • Stomach ache
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Anemia
  • Diarrhea
  • weight loss
  • Change in defecation habits

Bleeding in the breech area should be taken seriously

Intestinal polyps do not cause any symptoms, but if they become too large, they can cause some discomfort in the abdomen. Polyps need to be treated before they grow. The polyp can sometimes present with bleeding. Most of the bleeding, especially during defecation, is due to anal fissure disorders called hemorrhoids or cracks. For this reason, bleeding is attributed to these two diseases and colonoscopy is not performed, ignoring the risk of polyps. Any bleeding in the rectum should be evaluated not only in terms of anal region diseases but also in terms of colon cancer, and colonoscopy should be applied to the patient.

Regular colonoscopy after 35-40 years

People who are found to have occult blood in the stool after the age of 50 should definitely be evaluated by colonoscopy. Although the age of 50 is specified as a limit for the procedure, it is recommended that people who are 35-40 years old also have this procedure. Because polyps can occur before the age of 50. A polyp detected at an early age with colonoscopy is protective against cancer that the patient will catch in advanced age. Women with uterine and ovarian cancer before the age of 50 are more likely to have colon polyps. Colonoscopy screening is also required for these patient groups.

7 important factors causing colon cancer and prevention methods!

Polyps can be completely cured at an early stage

Polyps must be removed to determine whether they are benign or malignant. Thanks to the polypectomy procedure performed with colonoscopy, 90% of the polyps can be removed and the treatment is planned according to the number and size of the polyps. The patient then has the procedure done regularly at the time recommended by his doctor. Malignant polyps detected at a very early stage can be completely eliminated.

For gut health…

  1. Take care not to smoke
  2. Avoid consumption of animal meat and fat
  3. Eat a Mediterranean diet
  4. Relieve your bowel movements by choosing foods rich in fiber
  5. If you have a family history of polyps, do not neglect your routine checkups.




Inline Feedback
See all comments

Hi, I'm Alex Huynh, an expert in the field of mesothelioma. I have worked in this field for more than 10 years. With my experience and knowledge in this field, I decided to set up a website mesothelioma media to help people treat mesothelioma.

We will be happy to hear your thoughts

Leave a reply

Mesothelioma Media