5 critical signs and new treatment options in diagnosing breast cancer

Despite the increase in the incidence of breast cancer in the world, advances in diagnosis and treatment can provide early recognition of the symptoms considered as precursors of cancer and complete recovery. Oncoplastic approaches, which eliminate aesthetic concerns in breast surgery, also relieve patients psychologically. General Surgery Specialist Assoc. Dr. Koksal Bilgen, breast cancerHe gave comprehensive information about the surgical method in the treatment of .

Your risk of breast cancer increases with age.

The most important risk factors for breast cancer are female gender and advanced age. The risk of breast cancer increases with age. While breast cancer is seen in one in 2,212 women in their 30s, this rate drops to one in 233 in their 40s, one in 69 in their 50s, and one in 38 in their 60s.

Breast cancer with all its details in 25 questions: Answers to frequently asked questions

These symptoms of breast cancerwhat attention!

  • Non-disappearing mass, swelling
  • Breast skin shrinkage, orange peel appearance, redness
  • Change in the shape of the breast, presence of asymmetry
  • Nipple crusting, peeling
  • Nipple collapse, discharge

Be careful if your period is long

5-10 percent of breast cancers are caused by defective genes inherited from parents. These changes, called mutations, occur most frequently in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes associated with breast cancer. Apart from defective genes, family history, having never given birth or given birth at an advanced age, using long-term birth control pills, receiving postmenopausal hormone therapy, overweight and obesity are important factors that can lead to the development of breast cancer.

Among the reasons that increase the risk, there is also the excessive period of menstruation. For this reason, factors that interrupt women’s menstrual periods, such as pregnancy or breastfeeding, are considered risk-reducing factors.

Manual inspection and regular scans are essential

Screening mammography is recommended annually after the age of 40 in women who have no risk factors for breast cancer and no complaints. On mammography, breast cancer can be detected when it is much younger before it can be palpated. The mortality rate from breast cancer decreases by 33% in those who have regular screening mammography.

Mammography screenings should begin at age 40

Although studies show that breast cancer occurs predominantly between the ages of 50 and 60, its incidence is increasing in the young population under the age of 50 in Turkey. For this reason, mammography screenings that start with the age of 50 in the USA and Europe are started at the age of 40 in Turkey.

In appropriate cases, only the tumor is removed.

If the tumor is not more than 20 percent of the breast size and there will be no deformity depending on its location, the entire breast of the patient is not removed. Because researches show that there is no difference between the removal of the whole breast and the removal of the mass in terms of treatment results. With breast-conserving surgery, only the cancer mass is removed, so the patient is also psychologically comfortable. Depending on the patient’s condition and the stage of the tumor, chemotherapy before surgery or chemotherapy and radiotherapy can be applied after breast surgery.


Aesthetic concerns disappear with oncoplastic surgery applications

Oncoplastic surgery offers aesthetic solutions to women who have lost some or all of their breasts due to breast cancer. By placing silicone or tissues taken from the person’s body, deformities in the breast are corrected. In cases where the breast is completely removed, prophylactic mastectomy is recommended for people who have a high risk of genetically developing cancer despite reconstruction, that is, breast reconstruction or no tumor formation; that is, the complete removal of the breast tissue can be performed. Oncoplastic surgery does not have any adverse effects on processes such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy that are planned to be applied after breast surgery.

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