Overview of mesothelioma disease

Mesothelioma is one of the types of mesothelioma cancer, which is the membrane that protects covering all the organs in the body. 3 out of four mesothelioma cases begin in the mesothelioma of the pleural region. Mesothelioma also can begin in the abdominal cavity or within the heart.

Is mesothelioma a cancer?

Mesothelioma can be described as a mesothelioma-related cancer which is the membrane that protects all internal organs in the body. 3 out of four cases of mesothelioma are triggered by the mesothelioma of the pleural region. Mesothelioma may also begin in the abdominal cavity or within the heart.

No matter where it comes from the malignant mesothelioma cells can infiltrate and cause damage to adjacent tissues. Cancer cells can also metastasize and spread into other areas of the body. Usually when mesothelioma has been diagnosed in the early stages, the disease has already advanced. The five-year survival rate is around 5-9% to 10 percent. Mesothelioma patients die due to breathing failure and pneumonia. Certain patients experience a small obstruction in the bowel when the tumor expands through the diaphragm. Some die of heart-related complications after the tumor infiltrates the pericardium as well as the heart (the thin membrane that covers the heart).


What are the symptoms and signs of mesothelioma?

Pleural mesothelioma is a cancer of the tissues around the lungs. It causes these signs and symptoms:

  • Aches and pains in the chest area the chest
  • It hurts when you cough.
  • Breathing shortness
  • Unusual lumps beneath the chest skin
  • Unexplained weight loss

Peritoneal mesothelioma is a cancer of the abdominal tissues , causing the following symptoms and signs:

  • Stomachache
  • Stomach distended
  • Tumors that are located in the abdomen
  • Unexplained weight loss

Other types of mesothelioma

The signs and symptoms of different mesothelioma types aren’t apparent, as they are extremely rare.

Pericardial mesothelioma is a cancer of the tissues surrounding the heart and may result in symptoms and signs like shortness of breath and chest pain.

Testicular mesothelioma can affect the tissue around the testicle. It can be diagnosed early via the testicular size increasing or weight gain.

There are other signs and symptoms that are not listed. If you are unsure regarding the symptoms of illness, talk to your physician.

When should you consult your doctor?

If you experience any of these signs or symptoms , or have any questions, speak with your physician. Everybody is unique. Consult your physician to select the best choice.

What is the cause of mesothelioma?

In general, cancer develops when a set of genetic mutations take place in cells, causing the cell to multiply and grow beyond its limits. The reason behind the genetic mutation that can lead to mesothelioma remains unclear however, researchers have discovered elements that could make it more likely to develop cancer. Cancer can develop because of the interaction between several factors, including the genetics of the person, their environment as well as health and lifestyle.

How prevalent is mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is one of the most rare kinds of cancer that is extremely rare. Discuss with your doctor for more details.

What are the factors that contribute to the increased risk of mesothelioma?

There are a variety of risk factors for mesothelioma like:

  • Are you exposed to asbestos. If you’ve ever been exposed directly to asbestos-containing fibers in your workplace, in your house or work, the risk for developing mesothelioma is dramatically elevated.
  • Stay with someone who has worked with asbestos. Anyone who is subject to asbestos-related fibers could transport these fibers back home through their clothing and skin. The exposure to asbestos fibers for long periods of time may increase the risk of mesothelioma affecting other relatives. Workers who work in areas that are exposed to asbestos in high levels could limit their home-bringing of asbestos-containing fibers by washing and changing their clothes before leaving their workplace.
  • The family history of mesothelioma. If your sibling, parent or child suffers from mesothelioma in their family, you could have a chance of being at risk.

Overview of mesothelioma disease

Mesothelioma prevention


What lifestyle choices can help you slow the growth of mesothelioma?

The following tips and lifestyle will help you fight mesothelioma

  • Find out enough information about mesothelioma so that you can make informed choices about your treatment. Make a list of questions you can ask your physician.
  • There’s a support system. Family members and friends can help you with everyday tasks such as scheduling appointments for medical treatment or treatment. If you’re having trouble soliciting help, it is important to be open about yourself and seek assistance when it is needed.
  • Find out about the communities that are composed of patients with cancer. Consult your health care professional about support groups for cancer in your area. Sometimes, there are issues that only cancer patients are able to be able to. Support groups offer the chance to ask questions and receive help from others who know about your illness.
  • Prepare for the future. Talk to your doctor for tips on how to assist your family in fulfilling your medical desires in the event you’re no longer able to make your own choices.

Treatment for mesothelioma

The information contained herein does not constitute a substitute for medical advice from a professional. Always consult your doctor.

What medical methods are employed to determine mesothelioma?


A biopsy is a process which involves the removal of a tiny amount of tissue taken away for examination. It is the only method to know if you suffer from mesothelioma. Based on the part of the body that is affected and the extent of the cancer, the doctor selects the most appropriate biopsy method.

Methods of taking samples of a biopsy are:

Needle aspiration. The doctor will aspirate fluid or tissue using the needle of a fine size that is placed through the abdomen or chest.

Thoracic endoscopy. Thoracoscopy allows surgeons access to an inside view of the chest in a clear. The surgeons cut several small cuts between the ribs in order to insert a small camera into the chest cavity . This procedure is often referred to as video-assisted surgery using thoracoscopic instruments. (VATS). The doctor will make use of an instrument designed for surgical use to collect tissue samples for analysis.

Abdominal endoscopy. Laparoscopy allows surgeons to view the abdomen of the patient. By making one or two small cuts in the abdomen the surgeon inserts the tube using a tiny camera, and specialized surgical instruments to collect an area of tissue to test.

Open chest. A thoracotomy surgery is one in which the chest is joined across the back of the ribs. This procedure permits the surgeon to look for any signs of disease and to take tissue samples to test.

Open belly. Laparotomy is an abdominal procedure which allows surgeons to look for indications of illness and to obtain tissue samples for analysis.

Tissue samples are examined under microscopes to determine if the tissue that is abnormal is mesothelioma or other similar cell types. Find out the type of mesothelioma you are diagnosed with to determine the treatment plan you should follow.


If mesothelioma has been identified Your doctor will then order other tests to determine size and the stage of the cancer. The tests used to determine the stage of your cancer include:

  • CT scan (CT scan) of the abdomen and chest.
  • Imaging with magnetic resonance (MRI)
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)

Your doctor will recommend the appropriate testing for you. Not everyone needs the same tests.

After the degree of mesothelioma pleural is established The different stages are classified according to:

  • Stage I Stage I Mesothelioma is classified as a localized cancer and is limited to the chest’s lining.
  • Stage II Stage II Mesothelioma can have spread past the chest’s lining into the diaphragm and lungs.
  • Stage III Stage III Mesothelioma could be spreading to other structures within the chest, and could be spreading to lymph nodes.
  • Stage IV Stage IV Mesothelioma is a cancer that has advanced which has spread to the chest. Stage IV could be a sign that mesothelioma may have expanded to other parts of the body, such as the liver, brain, and lymph nodes throughout the chest.

The stages have not been classified as other mesothelioma types because they are extremely rare and have not been investigated.

what is mesothelioma disease

What techniques are employed for treating mesothelioma?


The surgeons can remove mesothelioma if it is detected in its early stages. In certain instances, surgery can be able to treat the cancer.

Sometimes, surgery isn’t able to eliminate all cancer. In many instances of surgery, it can alleviate the symptoms and signs of metastatic mesothelioma that affect your body.

Options for surgery include:

Surgery to lessen the accumulation of fluid. Pleural mesothelioma may result in the accumulation of fluid in the chest and make breathing difficult. The surgeon will insert a tube in the chest to drain the fluid. Your doctor might inject medicine inside your chest to stop the return of fluid.

Surgery to remove the tissue surrounding the abdomen and lungs. The surgeon could remove the tissue that covers the lungs and ribs as well as the tissue that covers the abdomen cavity. The procedure is not a cure for mesothelioma however it may relieve symptoms and signs.

Surgery to eliminate all of the tumor as is possible. If the entire cancer is not removed the surgeon will endeavor to remove as much of it as they can. This technique gives the surgeon the most precise radiation therapy that can ease discomfort and lessen the accumulation of fluid that is caused by mesothelioma.

A lung is removed surgically and its surrounding tissue. The removal of the lung affected as well as the tissues surrounding it can alleviate symptoms and signs that are caused by mesothelioma pleural. If you undergo the treatment of radiation to the chest after surgery it permits your physician to apply a higher dose since there is no need to be concerned about protecting your lung tissues from radiation.


Chemotherapy involves the use of chemicals to kill cancerous cells. Chemotherapy is a systemic process that runs across the body and can reduce or stop the growth of mesothelioma which is not removed through surgery. Chemotherapy can also be utilized prior to surgical procedures (adjuvant chemotherapy) to ease the process of surgery or after surgery to lower the chance of cancer recurring.

Chemotherapy drugs may be heated prior to delivery through the abdomen (peritoneal chemotherapy) in the case of mesothelioma peritoneal. By using this method chemotherapy drugs are in direct contact with cancerous cells, without harming healthy cells from other parts within the human body. This allows doctors to inject a larger dose of chemotherapy drug.


Radiation therapy targets high-energy beams from sources like protons and X-rays at an exact spot or location in the body. The use of radiation therapy can be done following surgery to eliminate any cancerous cells that remain. It can also reduce symptoms and signs of cancer that is advanced in situations in which surgery is not an option.

Clinical clinical trials

Clinical trials are the latest treatments for mesothelioma which are currently being investigated. Patients suffering from mesothelioma could decide to take part in the clinical trial as the chance to test an innovative treatment. But, these tests will not guarantee success. Be sure to review the options for treatment and talk to your physician regarding what clinical trials are available to you. Participation in a clinical trial can help doctors to better comprehend how mesothelioma is treated in the near future.

Clinical trials are currently underway and include various new methods for mesothelioma treatment, including:

  • Targeted therapies involve the use of medications targeted at specific bugs inside cancerous cells.
  • Biologic therapy involves the application of our immune system in order to fight cancer.
  • Gene therapy is the process of altering the genes in cancer cells to treat the cancer.

Treatment of different types of mesothelioma

Pericardial mesothelioma as well as testicular me are extremely uncommon. Early-stage cancers can be treated by surgery. The doctors haven’t yet found the best way to eliminate cancer that is advanced. Your doctor could suggest alternative treatment options to increase the quality of your life.

If you have any concerns, ask your physician to get the best treatment advice.

Hi, I'm Alex Huynh, an expert in the field of mesothelioma. I have worked in this field for more than 10 years. With my experience and knowledge in this field, I decided to set up a website mesothelioma media to help people treat mesothelioma.

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